News 2015

France’s IRSN Releases Report On Nuclear Facility Safety
30.12.2015 - NucNet News
There were no events classified at Level 2 or higher on the International Atomic Energy Agency’s International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) in 2013 and 2014 in France, the Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) has said. In a report analysing events related to 82 civilian nuclear facilities in France – including research reactors, laboratories and waste storage facilities, but not including civilian nuclear stations – IRSN said 210 “significant events” had been reported to the regulator in 2013 and 227 in 2014. This number remains similar to previous years and indicates that the number of events has stablised, IRSN said. None of the events had any significant implications for workers or the environment, IRSN said. The report is online (in French): http://bit.ly/1IDjx37

Regulator Approves Belgium’s Doel-1 and -2 For Restart
29.12.2015 - NucNet News

Belgium’s nuclear regulator has approved the restart of Units 1 and 2 at the Doel nuclear station. Doel-1 was shut down in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life. Doel-2 has been in a maintenance outage since October 2015 and was scheduled to close permanently this month under the same phaseout legislation that led to the shutdown of Doel-1. However, both units have had their operating licences extended by 10 years until 2025. The Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc) said it had verified that operator Electrabel has completed “priority actions” at the two units and that conditions for their long-term operation have been met. Doel-1 and Doel-2 are both 433-MW pressurised water reactors. They began commercial operation in February 1975 and December 1975 respectively.

Lithuania Regulator Gives Go-Ahead For Ignalina Waste Facility
23.12.2015 - NucNet News

Lithuania’s State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate (Vatesi) has issued a licence to the state enterprise Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant authorising the construction and operation of very low-level radioactive waste disposal facility, Vatesi said. The landfill-type facility at Ignalina will consist of three modules, each able to store about 20,000 cubic metres of operational and decommissioning radioactive waste from Ignalina, Vatesi said. Construction is scheduled to begin in mid-2016 and operation in 2018. It will take around 20 years to fill the facility, after which it will be decommissioned and “active surveillance” will begin for 30 years, Vatesi said. Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant is managing the decommissioning of the two-unit Ignalina nuclear station. Lithuania agreed to shut down Ignalina-1 and -2, both Soviet-design RBMK reactors, as a condition of its accession to the European Union. Unit 1 was shut down in December 2004 and Unit 2 in December 2009.


UK Establishes Characterisation And Analysis Research Group
22.12.2015 - NucNet News
The UK’s National Nuclear Laboratory and the University of Manchester’s Photon Science Institute have established a collaborative research group to look at nuclear industry applications for photonics and laser-based characterisation and analysis. PhLAME – the Photonics and Laser Analysis of Materials and Environments Research Group – has been created around researchers from the NNL’s environmental services and reactor operations support teams, the NNL said. The NNL teams will work alongside the university on research in all aspects of photonics and laser-based characterisation and analysis, with a particular focus on nuclear industry applications. Research in the Photon Science Institute is currently focused on the development of laser-based, in-situ at-a-distance and in-line characterisation instrumentation and techniques, combined with laser-based geometrical surveying techniques. The work is specifically aimed at materials identification, characterisation and monitoring in nuclear and other industry environments, such as during the decommissioning of nuclear plants and monitoring of deep geological disposal facilities. Details: http://bit.ly/1QBCi9H
Belgium Restarts Doel-3 After Long-Term RPV Safety Shutdown
22.12.2015 - NucNet News
The Doel-3 nuclear reactor unit operated by Electrabel in Belgium has been restarted, parent company Engie said yesterday, ending a shutdown that began in March 2014 after unexpected results from tests carried out on the structural integrity of its reactor pressure vessel. The restart of the 1,006-MW pressurised water reactor unit at 04:00 local time had been postponed from last week because of issues related to planning and not because of any abnormality with the plant, Electrabel had said. Doel-3 was originally taken offline in 2012, along with Tihange-2, because of uncertainties over the structural integrity of their RPVs. In June 2013 the units were restarted, but were shut down again in March 2014 after unexpected results from additional tests. Last month Belgium’s regulator authorised the restart of both Tihange-2 and Doel-3 based on satisfactory results from structural assessments. Tihange-2, a 1,008-MW PWR, was restarted last week. An operating schedule published by Electrabel also shows that the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear units are scheduled to restart on 24 December and 19 December respectively. Doel-1 was shut down in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life and Doel-2 has been in a maintenance outage since October 2015. Both units have had their commercial operating licences extended by 10 years until 2025. There are seven reactor units in commercial operation in Belgium, four at Doel and three at Tihange. Together, they generate about 55 percent of the country’s electricity.

UK Appoints New Chairman Of National Nuclear Laboratory
21.12.2015 - NucNet News
The UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change announced the appointment of Sir Andrew Mathews as chairman of the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) with effect from January 2016. He succeeds Richard Maudslay. Sir Andrew has been a non-executive director of the NNL since June 2014. He is a nuclear engineer whose career in the Royal Navy included posts as chief of materiel (fleet) and director-general nuclear and submarines. The NNL is the UK’s national laboratory supporting the nuclear industry in tackling the legacy sites and adapting to the country’s nuclear new-build programme. 

Foratom Says Nuclear Will Be Seen As ‘Indispensable Tool’ In Fight Against Climate Change
21.12.2015 - NucNet News
The Brussels-based trade association for the nuclear energy industry is convinced that nuclear energy will once again form a fundamental part of a forthcoming Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report as an “indispensable tool” for tackling climate change. Foratom said that as a result of the COP21 UN Paris Agreement to limit global average temperature increases to below two degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial period by 2100, the IPCC will produce a technical report by 2018 on the possible solutions which should be used to limit the effects of climate change. Foratom said the IPCC acknowledged in its fifth report from April 2014 that nuclear energy offers the advantage of being a low carbon technology. Meanwhile, David Shropshire, head of the International Atomic Energy Agency delegation at COP21, said the Paris agreement neither defines energy technologies as low carbon, nor specifies any energy technology. Instead, it describes “technology” in terms of research, development and demonstration, transfer, capacity building, needs assessment, action plans and project ideas, mechanisms, centres, committees and networks. “All these are applicable to nuclear,” Mr Shropshire said. “Consequently, all energy technologies, low-carbon and fossil, are on the table.”


Areva Sees Heavy Losses For 2015 As Negotiations Begin On Sale of Areva TA
18.12.2015 - NucNet News
 
French nuclear group Areva’s net income for 2015 will show “a heavy loss”, but discussions have begun on the sale of propulsion and research reactors business Areva TA, with the most likely outcome being that the state will become the direct majority shareholder. This proposal is in “the preliminary stage”, Areva said, and will necessitate dialogue with unions and approval by Areva’s governing bodies. In a progress report on its 2015 financial outlook, Areva said net cash flow from operating activities is expected to be about minus €1.2bn ($1.3bn) compared to an initial forecast of minus €1.7bn to minus €1.3bn. Including net savings already generated by a competitiveness plan announced earlier this year, negative net cash flow would be €0.9bn, Areva said. The progress report said negotiations with French nuclear operator EDF about the sale of a majority share of reactor business subsidiary Areva NP are making progress and could be concluded early next year. EDF said in July 2015 it had agreed to buy “at least 51 percent” of Areva NP. The Areva group’s restructuring and a related financing plan will be specified during the publication of 2015 results at the latest, the company said. Areva also said firm offers will be submitted before the end of the year for a planned sale in 2016 of its UK-based subsidiary Canberra, which supplies instrumentation for the nuclear industry.


MEPs Warn Of ‘Major Gap’ In Electricity Mix As Nuclear Plants Close
17.12.2015 - NucNet News 
Out of 132 commercial nuclear reactor units in EU member countries 130 are due to be decommissioned by 2050, leaving “a major gap” in low-carbon baseload power in the EU electricity mix, says a resolution passed this week by MEPs.

ASN Approves Areva’s Plans To Demonstrate Strength Of Flamanville-3 RPV
17.12.2015 - NucNet News
French nuclear regulator Autorité de Sûreté Nucléaire (ASN) has said Areva’s proposed methodology to demonstrate the strength of the Flamanville-3 reactor pressure vessel is acceptable “in principle” and a new mechanical and chemical testing programme proposed by Areva can go ahead, ASN said on its website. In May, Areva sent to ASN a proposed methodology, including additional tests, to justify the acceptability of the mechanical properties of the RPV top and bottom heads at Flamanville-3, an EPR under construction in France. ASN said Areva’s approach will build on the results of the new testing programme. The results of the programme will be “an essential element” in ASN’s decision-making on the serviceability of the Flamanville-3 RPV top and bottom heads, ASN said. ASN did not say when the test programme would begin, but said it would run over several months. In April, ASN, Areva and Electricité de France (EDF) revealed that chemical tests had shown higher than average carbon content in the RPV, indicating a manufacturing flaw and potentially affecting the vessel’s ability to withstand the propagation of cracks. Areva has said independent experts will carry out an external review of Areva’s Creusot forge plant in France, which manufactured the RPV top and bottom heads for Flamanville-3.

Electrabel Postpones Restart Of Belgium’s Doel-3
17.12.2015 - NucNet News

The scheduled restart of the Doel-3 nuclear reactor unit in Belgium has been postponed because of issues related to planning and not because of any abnormality with the plant, operator Electrabel said. According to Electrabel’s operational schedule the 1,006-MW pressurised water reactor unit had been scheduled to restart today, 17 December 2015. Doel-3 was originally taken offline in 2012, along with Tihange-2, because of uncertainties over the structural integrity of their reactor pressure vessels. In June 2013 the units were restarted, but were shut down again in March 2014 after unexpected results from additional tests. Last month Belgium’s regulator authorised the restart of both Tihange-2 and Doel-3 based on satisfactory results from structural assessments. Tihange-2, a 1,008-MW PWR, was restarted earlier this week. Electrabel’s schedule also shows that the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear units are scheduled to restart on 24 December and 19 December respectively. Doel-1 was shut down in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life and Doel-2 has been in a maintenance outage since October 2015. Both units have had their commercial operating licences extended by 10 years until 2025. There are seven reactor units in commercial operation in Belgium, four at Doel and three at Tihange. Together, they generate about 55 percent of the country’s electricity.

Former UK Nuclear Site Could Be Used For SMR Development, Reports Say
16.12.2015 - NucNet News
A former nuclear power station site in North Wales could become the location for the development of a new generation of small modular reactors, local media reports said. According to the reports, the Snowdonia Enterprise Zone Advisory Board is exploring the potential for the Trawsfynydd site to be considered as a future base for the development of SMRs – reactors with an electricity output less than 300MW, manufactured in a factory and shipped to the point of use. Trawsfynydd, which had two 195-MW gas-cooled Magnox reactors, is on a 15-hectare site, on an inland lake in Snowdonia National Park, North Wales. Trawsfynydd was the first inland civil Magnox nuclear station. It started service in 1965 and generated 69 TWh of electricity over the 26 years until its closure in 1991.

Italy’s Enel ‘Ready To Sell’ 66% Stake In Slovakia’s Slovenske Elektrarne
16.12.2015 - NucNet News
 Italian energy company Enel plans to sell its 66-percent stake in Slovakian power company Slovenské Elektrárne – which owns and operates the country’s two nuclear power stations at Bohunice and Mochovce – to Prague-based energy group Energetický a Průmyslový Holding (EPH), following a deal confirmed by company officials yesterday, press reports said. The deal has not been confirmed officially be any of the companies, but could be signed within two weeks, EPH spokesman Daniel Castvaj told AFP. Enel said in August 2015 it has entered into “exclusive negotiations” with privately owned EPH over the sale. Enel said earlier the potential sale was part of a plan to offload non-strategic assets under a broader €6bn debt reduction programme. Czech media have put the value of the deal at €1.3bn ($1.42bn). Enel chief executive Francesco Starace told La Stampa daily on Tuesday the company was ready to transfer a 33-percent stake in Slovenské Elektrárneto EPH before Christmas. He said the remaining 33 percent will be transferred when two nuclear plants under construction at the Mochovce nuclear site in western Slovakia are completed and begin commercial operation in two years. Slovenské Elektrárneis building two units at Mochovce, where it already runs two reactors. The units under construction, Mochovce-3 and -4, are both 440-megawatt pressurised water reactors of Russian VVER V-213 design.

Finland Carries Out Audit Of Russian Design Documentation
15.12.2015 - NucNet News

A three-day audit carried out by Finland’s Fennovoima and Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Stuk) has confirmed that nuclear project documentation produced by Russian nuclear design and research company Atomproekt complies with European standards, Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom said. In October 2014, Atomproekt, a Rosatom subsidiary, signed an agreement to develop the full package of project documentation for the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear station, which is being built by Russia for Fennovoima in Finland. The agreement was signed as part of the contract for engineering, procurement and turnkey construction of the 1,200-megawatt AES-2006 unit.


Belgium’s Tihange-2 Resumes Operation After RPV Uncertainties
15.12.2015 - NucNet News

Belgium’s Tihange-2 nuclear reactor unit was restarted yesterday after being offline because of uncertainties over the structural integrity of its reactor pressure vessel, operator Electrabel confirmed. Two of Belgium’s seven nuclear reactors, Tihange-2 and Doel-3, were originally taken offline in 2012 because of the RPV uncertainties. In June 2013 the units were restarted, but were shut down again in March 2014 after unexpected results from additional tests. In November 2015 Belgium’s regulator authorised the restart of both Tihange-2 and Doel-3 based on satisfactory results from structural assessments. According to Electrabel’s operational schedule, Doel-3 is to be restarted on 17 December. The schedule also shows that the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear units are scheduled to restart on 24 December and 19 December respectively. Doel-1 was shut down in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life and Doel-2 has been in a maintenance outage since October 2015. There are seven reactor units in commercial operation in Belgium, four at Doel and three at Tihange. Together, they generate about 55 percent of the country’s electricity.

Max Planck Scientists Announce Fusion Milestone With Startup Of ‘Stellarator’
14.12.2015 - NucNet News

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) in Germany say they have reached a milestone in a quest to derive energy from nuclear fusion by starting up one of the world’s largest nuclear fusion machines for the first time and briefly generating a super-heated helium plasma inside a vessel – a key point in the experimental process.


Sweden’s Regulator Calls For 2016 Spent Nuclear Fuel And Waste Disposal Programmes
14.12.2015 - NucNet News

The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) has published its expectations for research, development and demonstration programmes (RD&D) in spent nuclear fuel and nuclear waste disposal that must be submitted by Swedish reactor operators next year. Operators are required to present an RD&D programme once every three years under the 1984 Nuclear Activities Act, which governs areas including the construction and operation of nuclear facilities, the processing and handling of nuclear waste, and the import and export of nuclear waste. SSM said since the Act came into force many of the original conditions have changed and reporting “needs to be developed”. The next RD&D programmes must be submitted in September 2016 and should focus on the “broader and specific measures” operators will take to meet the requirements of the Act, and plans “to build future business”, SSM said.


Europe Welcomes Paris Agreement’s ‘Shift Away From Polluting Fossil Fuels’
14.12.2015 - NucNet News
The European Union played a key role in brokering the historic climate agreement in Paris, where 195 countries adopted a universal, legally binding global deal that will see a shift away from fossil fuels, the European Commission said today. EU climate action and energy commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete said Europe’s key objectives − on the long-term goal, the five-yearly review cycles and transparency − are in the new agreement. Welcoming the “ambitious and balanced agreement”, the EC said it was the first major multilateral deal of the 21st century and sets out a global action plan to put the world on track to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C. The EC said the deal is the culmination of years of efforts by the international community to bring about a universal multilateral agreement on climate change. Following limited participation in the Kyoto Protocol and the lack of agreement in Copenhagen in 2009, the EU has been building a broad coalition of developed and developing countries in favour of high ambition that shaped the successful outcome of the Paris conference, the EC said. “The Paris Agreement sends a clear signal to investors, businesses, and policy-makers that the global transition to clean energy is here to stay and resources have to shift away from polluting fossil fuels,” the EC said. The text of the Paris agreement is online: http://bit.ly/1YbayHO

Hanhikivi Construction Licence On Schedule, With First Concrete Expected In ‘Early 2018’
14.12.2015 - NucNet News

The construction licensing process for the planned Hanhikivi-1 nuclear power station in Finland is on schedule with the pouring of first concrete expected in early 2018, Fennovoima’s licensing manager Janne Liuko told NucNet.

Olkiluoto-3 RPV Steel Meets Requirements, Finnish Regulator Says
11.12.2015 - NucNet News

The Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Stuk) has approved the findings of a report on the steel quality of the reactor pressure vessel, pressuriser and other primary circuit components for the Olkiluoto-3 EPR unit under construction in Finland for Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO), TVO said. Stuk had asked for the assessment from TVO based on reports of potential problems in the steel properties of the RPV at the Flamanville-3 EPR in France, a statement said. Flamanville-3 serves as a reference unit for Olkiluoto-3. TVO’s report said the steel forgings of the Olkiluoto-3 RPV were manufactured by a different process to Flamanville’s and inspections found no quality problems. TVO plans to submit the operating licence application for Olkiluoto-3 next year.

Ukraine Plans To Reduce Dependency On Russia For Nuclear Fuel
11.12.2015 - NucNet News

Ukraine will receive up to 40 percent of its nuclear fuel from “European partners” in 2016 as it increases efforts to reduce dependency on Russia, Ukrainian energy minister Volodymyr Demchyshyn said in a statement published by the energy ministry on 9 December. Mr Demchyshyn said Ukraine had signed contracts with Westinghouse and Areva as part of a policy to diversify suppliers. Westinghouse, a US-based company operating in Europe, confirmed Mr Demchyshyn was referring to the terms of a 2014 contract under which Westinghouse will deliver fuel for five Ukrainian VVER-1000 reactors in 2016. Last month Mr Demchyshyn told local media the new fuel would be used at only three reactors in 2016. Westinghouse told NucNet it would fulfil its contractual obligations to deliver five reloads next year. The South Ukraine-2 and South Ukraine-3 nuclear units already operate using Westinghouse fuel under a 2008 agreement. In June 2015, Alexey Grigoriev, senior vice-president of Russian nuclear fuel company TVEL said deliveries of Russian nuclear fuel to Ukraine will not be reduced, despite Ukraine’s contracts with Westinghouse.

Ukraine’s Regulator Approves South Ukraine-2 Lifetime Extension
09.12.2015 - NucNet News

The State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate (SNRI) of Ukraine has extended by 10 years the life of the South Ukraine-2 nuclear reactor unit in Yuzhnoukrainsk, southwest Ukraine, the authority said in a statement. The 950-MW VVER V-338 unit, which began commercial operation in April 1985, will now run until 31 December 2025, SNRI said. The regulator based its approval on the results of a state nuclear and radiation safety report following an assessment of the unit’s safety parameters, a statement said. The South Ukraine nuclear station has three commercially operational Russian-built 950-MW VVER pressurised water reactors.

Finland Agency Begins Hanhikivi-1 Consultation Process
04.12.2015 - NucNet News

Northern Finland’s Regional State Administrative Agency has begun a consultation process related to Fennovoima’s environmental permit application for the planned Hanhikivi-1 nuclear plant, Fennovoima said. The procedure began on 3 December 2015 and will end on 3 February 2016. The agency will consult the public and gather submissions from relevant authorities, Fennovoima said. The environmental permit application covers all matters regarding activities and emissions during the operation of the plant. Fennovoima will also ask for a permit for a seawater intake and to use seawater as cooling water. Hanhikivi-1 will be a 1,200-megawatt VVER pressurised water reactor of the Russian AES-2006 type. Startup tests are scheduled for 2022 and commercial operation for 2024.

Sweden’s Regulator Calls For Increase In Waste And Spent Fuel Fees
04.12.2015 - NucNet News

Fees for nuclear waste and spent fuel handling should be increased to ensure there is enough money in the Swedish nuclear waste fund following the early closure of four reactors, the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) said in a statement to the government. Oskarshamn-1 and -2, operated by OKG, and Ringhals-1 and-2, operated by Ringhals, are set to be permanently shut earlier than originally planned. SSM said in its statement that the shutdown decision means “significant changes” in the basis for calculating the waste and spent fuel fees. SSM said fees for OKG should be increased from 4.1 ore (around 4 euro cents) to 6.7 ore per kWh produced and from 4.2 ore to 5.5 ore per kWh for Ringhals. In December 2014, the Swedish government almost doubled the average fee nuclear utilities pay from 2.2 ore to four ore for 2015-2017. The decision was made before the Oskarshamn and Ringhals shutdown decisions were made.

ASN Asks EDF For Details Of Planned Work On Bugey-5 Containment Defects
04.12.2015 - NucNet News

France’s nuclear regulator ASN (Autorité de Sûreté Nucléaire) has asked EDF to submit details of the work it plans to carry out to resolve defects in the inner, metallic liner of the reactor containment building of the Bugey-5 nuclear unit in southeast France. ASN said EDF must provide the information before restarting the reactor. Significant leaks from the containment were seen during a pressure test conducted in 2011 during the unit’s third decennial inspection. On 23 December 2014 ASN said a new test of the containment should be carried out during the reactor’s next shutdown. EDF carried out these tests during a shutdown for preventive maintenance and fuel loading which began on 27 August 2015. ASN said the tests showed there had been further degradation of the inner liner of the containment since the previous tests. Leaks were also found in the lower part of the reactor building. Bugey-5, an 880-megawatt pressurised water reactor, began commercial operation in January 1980.

UK Public Wants Nuclear And Renewables, Poll Shows
03.12.2015 - NucNet News

A majority of the public agree the UK should use nuclear and renewables to meets its legally binding emission reduction targets according to figures released today by the Nuclear Industry Association (NIA) at its annual conference. The poll of more than 2,000 people found that 57 percent believe the government should use low-carbon technologies, including nuclear and renewables, to reach its emission targets. In contrast only 11 percent of the public disagree with the statement and 32 percent neither agree or disagree or don’t know. The poll shows that 64 percent of the public think climate change is a “serious and urgent problem” or “definitely happening”, the NIA said. The findings also show twice as many people support (41 percent) rather than oppose (20 percent) the UK’s current nuclear new build plans to replace the nuclear power stations which will be phased out over the next few years.

Why The IAEA ‘Now Has Tools’ To Implement Sustainable Nuclear Safety Strategy
01.12.2015 - NucNet News  
A sustainable nuclear safety strategy being established by the International Atomic Energy Agency will strengthen organisations dealing with nuclear energy – including operators and regulators – and ensure they are committed to having “active and robust” safety systems in place, Juan Carlos Lentijo, deputy director-general and head of the IAEA Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, told NucNet. Mr Lentijo said the agency’s “sustainable nuclear safety strategy” is the result of activities carried out since the March 2011 Fukushima-Daiichi accident under the IAEA action plan on nuclear safety. Full story for subscribers: http://bit.ly/1XDVodW


Agreement On Belgian Nuclear Tax Paves Way For Doel-1 And -2 Life Extensions
01.12.2015 - NucNet News
 
French utility Engie – formerly GDF Suez – has signed an agreement with the Belgian government for 10-year life extensions for the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear reactors and to agree the terms of a new nuclear tax, the company said in a statement.




GMF NEWS


GMF GENERAL ASSEMBLY

30.11.2015 - GMF
The GMF General Assembly took place in
Luxembourg on 5 October 2015.

Representatives of Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherland, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden assisted to the event with the following agenda:

   - Opening of the meeting by Mr. Roland Palmqvist, President of GMF.

   - Acknowledgement of the agenda. Mr. Mariano Vila d'Abadal, welcomes everyone and goes on to explain the Annual Report.

   - Presentation of the Annual Report from the latest General Assembly until now.

   - Current economic situation of GMF.

   - Presentation of the Auditors Report for the Accounts from Oct 14 to Oct 15.

   - Decision upon discharge from liability for the members of the Presidium and the General Secretary.

   - Definition of a strategy for the activities of GMF 2015-16, by General Secretary and President.

   - Budget for the year 2016.

   - Election members of Presidium. Election Vice-President of GMF.

   - Next Assembly, Time and Place: It is approved and agreed that the next Assembly of GMF will take place in Flamanville (France) on October, 6-7 2016.

   - Closure.

  
You can find the complete Meeting Report here



New IAEA Safety Publication Establishes ‘Strengthened Requirements’
30.11.2015 - NucNet News
International Atomic Energy Agency member states will need to further strengthen their emergency preparedness and response (EPR) frameworks based on a new IAEA safety requirements publication called ‘Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency’. The IAEA said the new publication establishes strengthened requirements for various aspects of emergency preparedness and response such as the emergency management system, protection strategies for a nuclear or radiological emergency, resilience of emergency arrangements against a range of hazardous conditions, protection of emergency workers and helpers, and cooperation in the event of a transboundary emergency. The publication, which replaces the previous edition issued in 2002, is part of the IAEA safety standards series, designed to build a stronger foundation for safe operations including for EPR when using nuclear energy or radiation sources. The publication is online: http://bit.ly/1NidOLB

EC Warns Over Staffing And Funding Of Nuclear Regulators, Calls For Cooperation
30.11.2015 - NucNet News
EU member states have shown a good level of compliance with the 2009 Nuclear Safety Directive, although in some cases it is not certain that nuclear regulators are adequately staffed and funded, a European Commission report said.

Nuclear Is Only Reliable Baseload Power In Fight Against Climate Change, Says NEA
30.11.2015 - NucNet News
There are only two options – nuclear power and renewable energy sources – to decarbonise an ever increasing electricity sector and of those only nuclear provides “firmly dispatchable” baseload electricity because the variability of renewables requires flexible backup that is frequently provided by carbon-intensive power plants, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency said in a report.

EC Launches Infringement Procedure Against Hungary Over Paks 2 Contract For Russia
30.11.2015 - NucNet News
The European Commission launched an infringement procedure against Hungary concerning the implementation of the Paks 2 nuclear power station project and the award of a construction contract for the planned facility to Russia.

EC Opens State Aid Investigation Into Financing Of Hungary’s Paks 2
30.11.2015 - NucNet News
The European Commission opened “an in-depth state aid investigation” into Hungary’s plans to provide financing for the construction of two new nuclear reactors at the Paks 2 nuclear station.

Bulgaria Considering Chinese Investment For New Kozloduy Unit, Reports Say
25.11.2015 - NucNet News
Bulgaria has invited a Chinese company to invest in the construction of the country’s planned seventh nuclear unit at the Kozloduy power station, prime minister Boiko Borisov told local media upon his return from an official visit to Beijing. The name of the Chinese company has not been officially announced. However, the Bulgarian daily Kapital said it may be the State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation, which is to receive a 49 percent share of the project. Kapital said that according to Mr Borisov, the Chinese investor was suggested as an option by nuclear equipment manufacturer Westinghouse. Westinghouse has been in negotiations for the construction of an AP1000 nuclear unit at Kozloduy since 2012. The company signed a shareholder agreement with the previous Bulgarian government in August 2014, but the specific financing terms and conditions were never finalised, Kapital said. Westinghouse would not comment today. There are six Russian-built reactors on the Kozloduy site, four of which have been permanently shut down. Bulgaria has been looking for options to expand its nuclear energy capacity for some years.


UK Announces Additional Funding To Help Turn It Into ‘SMR Leader’
25.11.2015 - NucNet News

The UK is to double funding for the Department of Energy and Climate Change’s energy innovation programme to £500m (€711m, $754m) over five years, which will help pay for an ambitious nuclear research programme that will revive the country’s nuclear expertise and help turn it into a leader in small modular reactor (SMR) technology, the government announced today.

European Nuclear Association Foratom Welcomes ‘Nuclear for Climate’ Position Paper
23.11.2015 - NucNet News
Foratom, the Brussels-based trade association for the nuclear energy industry in Europe, has welcomed the publication of the Nuclear for Climate initiative’s position paper ‘Nuclear is part of the solution for fighting climate change’. Ahead of next month’s COP21 climate change summit in Paris, Foratom director-general Jean-Pol Poncelet said the Nuclear for Climate initiative, which brings together more than 140 associations and technical societies, will show how nuclear energy can help lower greenhouse gas emissions and tackle climate change. Foratom said the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has acknowledged that nuclear energy offers this advantage. In April 2014, the IPCC said nuclear energy was among the low-carbon energy sources that, should their usage triple or quadruple by 2050, would help limit the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The Nuclear for Climate position paper says “significant expansion” of nuclear energy is needed for the world to achieve an 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. The paper urges negotiators at the COP21 climate summit to develop “an achievable agreement” for the reduction of greenhouse gasses which ensures countries have the right to choose nuclear energy in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while meeting their energy and development objectives. “All countries should have the right to choose nuclear energy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and meet their national clean energy objectives,” said Mr Poncelet. “All possible solutions have to be carefully considered and all ideologically or doctrinally driven decisions avoided. States should recognise nuclear energy as a greenhouse gas-reducing technology necessary for us to achieve the sustainability we want.” Nuclear for Climate’s position paper is online: http://bit.ly/1ObnXP2

Significant Expansion Of Nuclear Is Essential, Says Climate Group
23.11.2015 - NucNet News
Significant expansion of nuclear energy is needed for the world to achieve an 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, Nuclear for Climate, a global initiative supported by more than 140 regional and national nuclear associations and technical societies, says in a new position paper. The paper urges negotiators at the COP21 climate summit to develop “an achievable agreement” for the reduction of greenhouse gasses which ensures countries have the right to choose nuclear energy in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while meeting their energy and development objectives. “All countries should have the right to choose nuclear energy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and meet their national clean energy objectives,” said Jean-Pol Poncelet, secretary-general of the European Nuclear Society. “All possible solutions have to be carefully considered and all ideologically or doctrinally driven decisions avoided. States should recognise nuclear energy as a greenhouse gas-reducing technology necessary for us to achieve the sustainability we want.” The position paper is online: http://bit.ly/1ObnXP2

Cracks In Graphite Bricks At UK’s Hunterston ‘Have No Safety Significance’
23.11.2015 - NucNet News
Cracking in graphite bricks in the core of one of the two gas-cooled reactor units at the Hunterston B nuclear power station in Scotland was predicted to start happening at this point in the station’s lifetime and does not affect the operation of the reactor, EDF Energy said. “The findings have no safety implications and are well within any limits for safe operation,” the company said in a statement. “Inspections on the station’s other reactor found similar results in October 2014.” The cracks in three graphite bricks were found during planned maintenance at the station. Station director Colin Weir said: “It is accepted by our regulators and materials experts that cracks will occur in some of the bricks and that the core will lose some of its mass as part of the normal ageing process. The observations were anticipated and are in line with our understanding, so our view of the best estimate lifetime planning date of 2023 has not changed.” The graphite core of the reactor is made up of around 6,000 graphite bricks – 3,000 of which contain fuel channels – which are all connected. The structure is designed to contain many redundant bricks meaning a very large number of bricks would have to crack before there were any significant safety concerns. For more information see he UK’s Office for Nuclear Regulation: http://bit.ly/1OnMU8m


Researchers From UK’s Imperial College Aim To Help In Fukushima Cleanup
20.11.2015 - NucNet News

Researchers at Imperial College in London are collaborating with partners in the UK and Japan to develop processes for capturing and disposing of radionuclides in the approximately 3,700 tonnes of radioactively contaminated water collected every day at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear site. Engineers on the site are using several decontamination facilities containing waste filters to extract radionuclides from the water, but as yet, the authorities do not have an agreed solution for safely immobilising this hazardous leftover waste material, the college said. It said a team from its centre for nuclear engineering is developing a glass material to mix with the waste filters, which are melted to form a solid composite material that will be stable for thousands of years and suitable for disposal deep underground. The team aims to determine whether this material will be able to withstand the heat generated by the radionuclides as they decay. If it is sufficiently robust, this should mean the nuclear waste can be collected without the need for additional complicated processes for permanently sealing in the toxic material, processes that would be time consuming and expensive. Since the March 2011 accident at Fukushima, water has been
used to cool the damaged cores and reactor buildings. As part of the cooling process more than 3,760 tonnes of radioactively contaminated water is collected per day. Details online: http://bit.ly/1PMeY6R

Nuclear Has Central Role To Play In Future UK Energy System, Says Energy Secretary
18.11.2015 - NucNet News
Nuclear power has a central role to play in the UK’s energy future, but it is imperative the UK does not make the mistakes of the past and just build one nuclear power station, energy and climate change secretary Amber Rudd said today. In a speech setting out her vision for a new energy system that includes phasing out unabated coal-fired power stations by 2025, Ms Rudd said opponents of nuclear misread the science. “It is safe and reliable,” she said. “The challenge, as with other low carbon technologies, is to deliver nuclear power which is low cost as well. Green energy must be cheap energy.” Ms Rudd said: “We are dealing with a legacy of under-investment and with Hinkley Point C planning to start generating in the mid-2020s, this is already changing. There are plans for a new fleet of nuclear power stations, including at Wylfa and Moorside. It also means exploring new opportunities like small modular reactors, which hold the promise of low cost, low carbon energy.” The speech is online: http://bit.ly/1SD2g9N


EC Warns Over Staffing And Funding Of Nuclear Regulators, Calls For Cooperation
18.11.2015 - NucNet News
EU member states have shown a good level of compliance with the 2009 Nuclear Safety Directive, although in some cases it is not certain that nuclear regulators are adequately staffed and funded, a European Commission report published today says.

Forsmark Is Best Site For Swedish Repository, Says Regulator
17.11.2015 - NucNet News
Of all the possible sites in Sweden that have been investigated for a deep geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel, Forsmark is the most suitable, the country’s regulator said today. The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) said waste management company SKB had chosen the site, at Söderviken to the southeast of the Forsmark nuclear power station, because of the dry rock with few deep fractures to be found there. SSM said its “preliminary assessment” is that the site selection process has led to the most suitable site being chosen. SSM said it is too early to draw any final conclusions and there are remaining issues for it to review and consider before submitting its formal opinion to the country’s land and environment court – scheduled for spring 2016 – and the government. SSM said the intention is for the government to make a final decision in 2017. SKB is hoping construction and commissioning of the repository can be completed by 2028, when trial operations would begin. Commercial operation is scheduled for 2030.

Electrabel Gets Go-Ahead To Restart Doel-3 And Tihange-2
17.11.2015 - NucNet News
Belgium’s nuclear regulator has announced that it has authorised operator Electrabel to restart the Doel-3 and Tihange-2 nuclear units, both of which have been offline because of uncertainties over the structural integrity of their reactor pressure vessels (RPVs).

Control Room Switched On As Slovakia’s Mochovce-3 Enters Final Testing Phase
16.11.2015 - NucNet News
The control room for the Mochovce-3 nuclear unit, under construction at the Mochovce site in western Slovakia, has been switched on, Slovak utility Slovenské Elektrárne said in a statement. The facility is now 90 percent complete and is entering the final testing phase, the statement said. The control room is completely digitalised and uses a sophisticated computer network that will enable easy information exchange between operation, oversight, and safety staff. An emergency control room is also ready at the site, the statement said. There are two units in commercial operation and two under construction at Mochovce. The units under construction, Mochovce-3 and -4, are both 440-megawatt pressurised water reactors of Russian VVER V-213 design.


Finland’s Regulator Forms Research Consortium With Nine Universities
16.11.2015 - NucNet News
Finland’s Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Stuk) and nine Finnish universities have established a consortium to coordinate and promote radiation safety research in Finland, Stuk said in a statement. Stuk said the initiative is part of an objective for closer cooperation between universities and research institutes. The consortium will allow Finland to improve its cooperation with Horizon 2020, the biggest European Union research and innovation programme with nearly €80bn ($85bn) of funding over seven years from 2014 to 2020 – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. Those involved in the consortium are the University of Eastern Finland, University of Jyväskylä, University of Tampere, Tampere University of Technology, Aalto University, University of Turku, University of Oulu, Lappeenranta University of Technology and the University of Helsinki.

Finland To Become First Country To Begin Construction Phase For Final Repository
12.11.2015 - NucNet News
Finnish nuclear waste management company Posiva has been granted a licence by the government for the construction of a final disposal facility for spent nuclear fuel at Olkiluoto on the country’s southwest coast – the first final repository in the world to enter the construction phase, Posiva announced today.


UK Regulator Announces Recruitment Drive For Safety And Security Inspectors
11.11.2015 - NucNet News
The UK’s Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) is recruiting for nuclear safety and security inspectors across all disciplines including information and cyber security, radiation protection, civil engineering, and transport inspection and enforcement, the regulator said in a statement. “Our work calls for a high level of expertise and a wide range of disciplines, so we are looking for a wide range of inspectors across many different specialisms,” the ONR said.

Belgian Radioactive Waste Agency Prepares Action Plan For Waste Facility
11.11.2015 - NucNet News
The Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials (Ondraf/Niras) has put forward an action plan that aims to answer questions posed by regulator Fanc concerning the authorisation process for a low- and medium-level radioactive waste disposal facility at Dessel in northeast Belgium, Fanc said in a statement. After analysing the initial application, filed in 2013, Fanc said it had sent a number of recommendations to Niras. Once these recommendations are addressed, the application process will be completed and Fanc will prepare a report to be reviewed by the Belgian Scientific Council in June 2017, the statement said. A number of modifications are needed to the facility’s design, Fanc said, and new limits need to be established on the maximum permitted quantities and concentrations of waste. In 2012 a peer review carried out by a team assembled by the OECD’s Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) concluded that Belgium’s long-term safety strategy and safety assessment for a proposed radioactive waste surface disposal facility were “credible and robust”. The review looked at key aspects of the safety case for a disposal facility at Dessel. The proposed design of the disposal system takes into account a long-term safety strategy and is appropriate for the provisional radionuclide inventory as well as the characteristics of the geological environment at Dessel, the peer review concluded. The safety of the proposed facility relies on the engineered barrier system, as do similar modern facilities for short-lived, low-level waste in other countries, the review said.


Blayais Exposure Incident Rated As INES Level 2
10.11.2015 - NucNet News
A contract worker at the Blayais nuclear station in southwest France was accidentally exposed to a dose of ionising radiation exceeding the regulation limit while he was carrying out maintenance work in preparation for the hydrotesting of an exchanger on the chemical and volume control system for Unit 4, operator EDF said in a report to the International Atomic Energy Agency. The incident, in August 2015, has been rated as Level 2 on the IAEA’s seven-level International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES). According to EDF, contamination was detected on the worker’s chin during a check carried out when he left the limited access area. The worker was treated by the site’s risk prevention department, and the radioactive particle which caused the contamination was located and immediately removed. EDF said its evaluation of the dose received by the worker’s chin exceeded the regulation limit for the skin. The whole-body dose received by the worker was well below the annual regulation limit. For workers liable to be exposed to ionising radiation during their professional activities, the annual regulation dose limits are, for 12 consecutive months, 20 millisieverts for the whole body and 500 mSv for an area of skin of about one square cm.

Incentives And Financial Certainty Are Crucial For Deployment Of Low-Carbon Nuclear, Says IEA
09.11.2015 - NucNet News
Key conditions for the faster deployment of nuclear power include the promotion of incentives for all types of low-carbon solutions to provide financing certainty for investment, the International Energy agency says in its World Energy Outlook 2015 report, published today.

Romania Announces Signing Of MoU With China For Two New Cernavoda Units
09.11.2015 - NucNet News
Romanian nuclear power operator Nuclearelectrica and China General Nuclear Power Corporation (CGN) have signed a memorandum of understanding on the development, construction, operation and eventual decommissioning of the planned Cernavoda-3 and -4 units in eastern Romania, Nuclearelectrica said in a statement today.


Swedish Regulator Proposes Overall Responsibility For Radiation Safety Research
04.11.2015 - NucNet News
The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) is proposing to the government that it be given overall responsibility for the financing, monitoring and evaluation of research into radiation safety. SSM said it would appoint a special commissioner for implementing this proposed change. The change is one of a series of objectives, priorities and proposals for a new structure for future research into radiation safety, SSM said in a statement. SSM had been asked by the government to prepare proposals for a new research structure, the statement said.

IAEA Conference President Calls For Better Emergency Communications Material
02.11.2015 - NucNet News
The International Atomic Energy Agency should develop communications material that can be used by the nuclear industry and governments for providing scientifically based information to the public on issues relating to nuclear or radiological emergencies, the president of the International Conference on Global Emergency Preparedness and Response said.

Sweden’s Vattenfall Confirms Plans To Close Ringhals-1 And -2
29.10.2015 - NucNet News
Sweden’s Ringhals-2 will permanently shut down in 2019, with Ringhals-1 to follow in 2020, majority owner Vattenfall said after an extraordinary general meeting of Ringhals’s board.

Fusion Reactors Could Be Viable Within Two Generations, Concludes UK Study
29.10.2015 - NucNet News

The cost of building, running and decommissioning a fusion power station compares favourably to a fission plant, supporting the possibility that within a generation or two fusion-generated energy could become a reality, a study said.


European Industry Group Calls On EC To Plan For 100 New Reactors In 35 Years
29.10.2015 - NucNet News
Europe should maintain at least the current capacity of nuclear generation up to and beyond 2050, which will involve the commissioning of more than 100 nuclear reactors over the next 35 years, the Brussels-based industry group Foratom has said.


Hinkley Construction To Begin Within Weeks As UK And China Sign Deal
29.10.2015 - NucNet News
French energy company EDF and China General Nuclear Power Corporation (CGN) signed a strategic investment agreement for new nuclear reactors at Hinkley, Sizewell and Bradwell in the UK, with construction at Hinkley – the first nuclear plant to be built in the UK in a generation – expected to begin “within weeks”.

Sellafield Makes Progress On ‘High Hazard’ Fuel Storage Pond
28.10.2015 - NucNet News
Workers at Sellafield in the UK have removed 50 percent of the radioactivity from the site’s oldest nuclear fuel pond, Sellafield Ltd, the company responsible for cleanup operations at the site said. The pile fuel storage pond is a relic from the Cold War when Sellafield produced material for the UK’s nuclear deterrent. It is one of four high-hazard facilities on the site prioritised for cleanup by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. Sellafield Ltd said the milestone was achieved earlier this month when the final “canned fuel” was transferred from the pond to a modern handling plant operated by the National Nuclear Laboratory. The pond needs to have its contents removed so it can be drained and demolished. Sellafield Ltd said this is challenging because the facility was not built with decommissioning in mind. The fuel stored there is several decades old, some of it is in a fragile state, and the pond building itself had to undergo many years of improvements to be able to withstand retrieval operations.


Contract Signed For Dredging At Finland’s Hanhikivi Nuclear Project
23.10.2015 - NucNet News
Titan-2, the main construction contractor for the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear power plant project in Finland, has signed a contract for the dredging of the harbour basin at Hanhikivi headland, project owner Fennovoima said. The subcontractor is Finland’s Wasa Dredging Oy Ltd. Fennovoima did not say how much the contract is worth, but said it covers removal of soil and transportation of the dredging masses to the marine spoil area. The work will begin before the end of October and last approximately four to six weeks. Hanhikivi-1 will be a 1,200-megawatt VVER pressurised water reactor of the Russian AES-2006 type. It is scheduled to enter commercial operation in 2024.

Construction Agreement Approved For Romania’s Cernavoda-3 and -4
23.10.2015 - NucNet News
A memorandum of understanding between Romanian nuclear power operator SN Nuclearelectrica (SNN) and the China General Nuclear Power Corporation on the development, construction, operation and eventual decommissioning of the planned Cernavoda-3 and -4 units in eastern Romania has been finalised, SNN said in a statement. The agreement was given final approval at an extraordinary general shareholders meeting on 22 October. The Romanian government approved the deal in September. In September 2014, SNN began a competitive selection procedure to find a private investor for the construction of two more reactors at Cernavoda. Cernavoda-1 and Cernavoda-2, both Candu 6 units, are Romania’s only commercially operational nuclear reactors. Cernavoda-1 began commercial operation in December 1996 and Cernavoda-2 in October 2007. In July 2014, reactor manufacturer Candu Energy said the two planned units would also be Candu 6 reactors, nearly identical to the existing units. The company also said it had signed an “exclusive and binding” agreement with China Nuclear Power Engineering Company, a subsidiary of the China General Nuclear Power Group, to cooperate on the construction of Cernavoda-3 and -4.


‘No Cracks Found’ In Belgium’s Doel-4 RPV
22.10.2015 - NucNet News
No cracks have been found in the reactor pressure vessel of the Doel-4 nuclear unit in northern Belgium during examinations carried out by operator Electrabel, local news agency VRT reported. Electrabel decided to test all of its reactors after irregularities were found in the Doel-3 and Tihange-2 RPVs in 2012. In June 2013 Doel-3 and Tihange-2 were restarted, but were shut down again in March 2014 after unexpected results from additional tests. Doel-4 is a 1,033-megawatt pressurised water reactor unit which entered commercial operation in 1985 and is due to reach the end of its operational life in 2025. Belgium has seven nuclear units in commercial operation.

Opinion Poll Shows Support For New Build In UK
21.10.2015 - NucNet News
Support for nuclear new build in the UK exceeds opposition, an October 2015 poll shows. ICM Unlimited, a UK market research agency, carried out the monthly tracker poll of 2,000 people on behalf of EDF Energy. The poll found 47 percent supported and 22 percent opposed the development of new nuclear power stations. EDF Energy is planning to build a new nuclear station at Hinkley Point in Somerset, southwest England. The monthly tracker polls have been carried out since April 2014.


Poland’s PGE EJ1 Publishes Nuclear Project Roadmap
21.10.2015 - NucNet News
Polska Grupa Energetyczna EJ1 (PGE EJ1), the company in charge of constructing Poland’s first nuclear power station, has published a project information roadmap, the first official document laying out the basics of the planned nuclear investment, the company said. The 200-page document is to serve as the basis for the environmental impact assessment, which is needed before the plant site is chosen. The roadmap was included as part of a request by PGE EJ1 for a final decision on the preliminary environmental impact assessment for the project, which PGE EJ1 had submitted to the General Directorate for Environmental Protection (GDEP) in August 2015. The request forms the basis for beginning the process of carrying out the full environmental impact assessment study, which is a necessary part of the site selection process for a nuclear station. After consultations with other government offices, the GDEP will issue a decision on the preliminary report and decide on further research into the environmental impact. Last year, PGE EJ1 said it plans to make a decision on construction of new nuclear in early 2017 after it has developed a business and investment model which will ensure the profitability of the project. The document is online (Polish): http://bit.ly/1M6PXOb


French Companies Plan Cooperation Agreements With Spain’s Virlab
19.10.2015 - NucNet News

French companies Interspace and Metravib-ACOEM Group are planning to sign cooperation agreements with vibration testing company Virlab of Spain for qualification tests of equipment and components for EDF nuclear stations. Both companies are existing Virlab customers. Interspace works in the field of engineering, simulation and testing for space, aerospace and the defence industry. Metravib-ACOEM develops solutions, design assistance and diagnosis for the oil, gas, space, defence and energy sectors. The proposed agreements are similar to one signed in 2009 with Spanish company Tecnatom, which has been collaborating with Virlab since May 1992. That agreement includes the supply of testing services that cover emergency conditions (earthquakes and loss of coolant accidents) for EDF nuclear stations.


Shipment Begins Of Radioactive Waste From France To Australia
19.10.2015 - NucNet News
The specialised vessel ‘BBC Shanghai’ has left Cherbourg in France with a shipment of nuclear waste to Australia on behalf of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (Ansto), Areva said. The shipment, which left on 15 October, includes a transport cask that contains intermediate-level waste and a separate cask containing low-level technological waste. Ansto said the material will be retained at its Lucas Heights facility until a national radioactive waste management facility is sited, constructed and licensed. The transport is part of a contract signed in 1999 between Areva and Ansto for the processing of used nuclear fuel. Ansto said spent nuclear fuel was sent to France for reprocessing over four shipments in the 1990s and early 2000s, and the waste arising from that reprocessing operation is required under French law to have left France by the end of 2015. The waste, which was reprocessed at Areva’s La Hague plant in France, is the by-product of fuel that had previously been used in the Australian Hifar research reactor at Lucas Heights. The shipment is scheduled to arrive in Australian waters before the end of the year.

Finland Monitoring Meets Standards, Say EC Inspectors
13.10.2015 - NucNet News
A European Commission review team which inspected the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority’s (Stuk) national programme for monitoring radioactivity in the environment said the monitoring meets European standards. The team also inspected environmental and emissions surveillance at the Loviisa nuclear power station. The inspections, carried out between 29 September and 2 October, were based on the Euratom Treaty and are carried out every seven years. The team consisted of four EC experts. Stuk said the aim of the inspection was to provide an independent assessment of Finland’s monitoring of radioactivity. Stuk said regular monitoring in Finland includes levels of radioactivity in waterways, the air and the ground, and the monitoring of precipitation, vegetation, foodstuffs, and air-carried and liquid environmental emissions.


Preparation Under Way For Nuclear Waste Shipment From France To Australia
08.10.2015 - NucNet News
Preparation is under way for a shipment of nuclear waste from France to Australia, Areva said. The transport is part of a contract signed in 1999 between Areva and the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (Ansto) for the processing of used nuclear fuel. The shipment contains intermediate and low-level waste. The waste, which was reprocessed at Areva’s La Hague plant in France, is the by-product of fuel that had previously been used in the Australian Hifar research reactor.

France’s Regulator Approves Restart Of Blayais-3 After Extended Shutdown
08.10.2015 - NucNet News

France’s nuclear regulator ASN (Autorité de Sûreté Nucléaire) has authorised the restart of the Blayais-3 pressurised water reactor in southwest France after it was shut down in July for its third 10-year inspection and the replacement of steam generators. ASN said the shutdown had been extended because it found operator EDF’s safety justification for the steam generator replacement incomplete and had asked for further documentation. ASN said it had now reviewed the results of the inspection and the steam generator replacement and had approved the restart. Other work carried out included inspections of the primary circuit, the containment, and “the integration of a large number of modifications to contribute to the improvement of safety”, ASN said. The Blayais nuclear station has three PWRs. The 910-megawatt Blayais-3 began commercial operation in November 1983.

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority Delivers Verification Software To IAEA
07.10.2015 - NucNet News
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has received special software developed by the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) in partnership with the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission within the framework of Sweden and Canada’s support programmes to the IAEA, SSM said. The software will be used with a digital Chervenkov viewing device, designed to verify spent nuclear fuel by detecting ultraviolet light, known as Chervenkov radiation, emitted from it. This way the tool will help detect whether spent fuel is still present and has not been replaced by a dummy. Sweden’s support programme to the IAEA has been administered by SSM and its predecessors since 1987.


Wano Says It Is Committed To Increasing Transparency Among Members
07.10.2015 - NucNet News
The World Association of Nuclear Operators (Wano) is committed to increasing transparency among its membership while increasing its focus on new entrants, units facing life extensions or end of life, and the challenge of knowledge transfer to the young generation, the organisation said in a statement on 6 October. The statement followed Wano’s 13th biennial general meeting in Toronto, Canada. The statement said Mr Cho Seok, chief executive of Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Company Ltd, had been confirmed as incoming Wano president. Wano is a non-profit association established in 1989 by nuclear power operators to exchange safety knowledge and operating experience amongst organisations operating commercial nuclear power reactors. Wano members operate some 440 nuclear reactor units in more than 30 countries.


SMRs Could Play Key Role In Low-Carbon UK Energy System, Says Report
07.10.2015 - NucNet News

Small modular reactors of between 50 and 300 megawatts could play a key role in a low-carbon energy system in the UK by delivering combined heat and power, helping to decarbonise energy use in buildings, according to a report by the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI).


European Industry Group Calls On EC To Plan For 100 New Reactors In 35 Years
05.10.2015 - NucNet News
Europe should maintain at least the current capacity of nuclear generation up to and beyond 2050, which will involve the commissioning of more than 100 nuclear reactors over the next 35 years, the Brussels-based industry group Foratom has said.

Fusion Reactors Could Be Viable Within Two Generations, Concludes UK Study
05.10.2015 - NucNet News
The cost of building, running and decommissioning a fusion power station compares favourably to a fission plant, supporting the possibility that within a generation or two fusion-generated energy could become a reality, a study says.
Researchers at Durham University and the Culham Centre for Fusion Energy in the UK, have re-examined the economics of fusion, taking account of recent advances in superconductor technology for the first time. Their analysis of building, running and decommissioning a fusion power station shows the financial feasibility of fusion energy in comparison to traditional fission nuclear power.

Belgium’s Regulator Gives Go-Ahead For Doel-1 And -2 Life Extensions
02.10.2015 - NucNet News
Belgium’s nuclear regulator has extended the commercial operating licences of the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear reactor units by 10 years until 2025, a statement said today. The Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc) said it had reviewed an action plan submitted in April by operator Electrabel and concluded that both units could be operated safely over the next decade, beyond their original 40-year lifetimes.

Italy Used Nuclear Fuel Shipment Arrives In France 30.09.2015 - NucNet News
30.09.2015 - NucNet News
A railway shipment of seven tonnes of Italian used nuclear fuel arrived yesterday at Areva’s railway terminal in Valognes, northern France, to be treated at the company’s La Hague facility before recycling, Areva said. The transport composed of two casks of used fuel and formed part of a contract signed in 2007 between Areva and Italy’s state-owned decommissioning company Sogin (Societa Gestione Impianti Nucleari) for the processing-recycling of 235 tonnes of used nuclear fuel. With this transport, 222 tonnes will have been delivered and more than 190 tonnes already treated. Areva did not say which facility the transport originated from, but Italy has four nuclear reactors at four stations, all of which were permanently shut down following a referendum held in 1987 as a consequence of the 1896 accident at Chernobyl.

Public Hearings Begin On Lifetime Extensions For Ukraine’s Zaporozhye-1 and -2 30.09.2015 - NucNet News30.09.2015 - NucNet News30.09.2015 - NucNet News
30.09.2015 - NucNet News
Public hearings on possible lifetime extensions for the Zaporozhye-1 and -2 nuclear power units took place on 29 September in the city of Energodar, southern Ukraine, nuclear power station operator Energoatom said. Energodar was founded in 1970 to serve the six-unit nuclear station, where the first unit began commercial operation in 1985. In May, Energoatom asked Ukraine’s nuclear regulator for permission to extend the operating life of its Zaporozhye-1 pressurised water reactor by 15 years. In July, Energoatom also asked for a 10-year licence extension for the Zaporozhye-2 PWR. The operating licences of the two 950-megawatt VVER-1000/320 units will expire on 23 December 2015 for Zaporozhye-1 and 19 February 2016 for Zaporozhye-2. As required by Ukrainian legislation, Energoatom set up public hearings to review all safety aspects of the possible lifetime extensions. The results of the hearings will be taken into consideration by the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine when it makes its decision on the lifetime extensions.

Fennovoima And Grid Operator Fingrid To Prepare Hanhikivi-1 Connection
30.09.2015 - NucNet News
Finland utility Fennovoima and national electricity transmission grid operator Fingrid have signed a contract to prepare the connection of the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear power station to the national electrical grid, Fennovoima said. In a statement Fennovoima said 110 and 400 kilovolt transmission lines will be used to connect the station to the grid. Under the contract, Fingrid will be in charge of the project management, including basic engineering, permitting process, tendering of the construction contracts and supervising the contractors during construction. A licence from the Finnish Energy Authority is needed before construction of the transmission lines can begin and an environmental impact evaluation needs to be carried out in preparation for the project. Tendering for the construction contracts can begin only after the Finnish government grants the general power station construction licence. In July, Fennovoima received some initial permits related to the construction site, in Pyhäjoki, northwest Finland. Hanhikivi-1 will be a 1,200-megawatt VVER pressurised water reactor of the Russian AES-2006 type. It is scheduled to enter commercial operation in 2024.

Technical Failure Delays Restart Of Sweden’s Oskarshamn-1
25.09.2015 - NucNet News
A technical failure has led to the postponement of the scheduled restart of Sweden’s Oskarshamn-1 nuclear unit, operator OKG said. Procedures for restarting the reactor began on 22 September, but had to be interrupted on the evening of 24 September due to a valve failure during a mandatory function test. OKG did not give any further details about the nature of the valve failure, but said there will be an investigation to determine the cause. Oskarshamn-1, a 473-megawatt boiling-water reactor in commercial operation since 1972, was taken offline in August 2015 for maintenance on the condenser. Then, OKG found that the pressure inside the condenser was increasing due to ambient air leaking into it, and the unit had to be shut down to avoid damage.


Residents ‘Overwhelmingly Supportive’ Of NuGen’s Moorside Plans
22.09.2015 - NucNet News
People in Cumbria, northwest England, are “overwhelmingly supportive” of the need for a new nuclear power station and see the benefits to the region’s employment, skills, economy and supply chain as being important, NuGen said. The company said the feedback came from the first stage of its public consultation on plans to build three Westinghouse AP1000 reactors at the Moorside nuclear site in west Cumbria, near the existing Sellafield nuclear site. NuGen said it had held 24 public events, with almost 2,000 visitors and had received over 750 written responses. NuGen said the feedback was “very clear” that there are a number of other benefits people want the project to deliver, with improved transport infrastructure –specifically road improvements – at the forefront of people’s concerns. Other benefits that people thought were important included improvements to health services, employment and training for local people, national energy security, and using local businesses in the supply chain.

Foro Nuclear Report Shows Socio-Economic Impact of Nuclear Industry In Spain
22.09.2015 - NucNet News
The nuclear industry is vital for Spain’s economy because of its competitiveness and its impact on GDP, employment, investment in R&D, exports and contribution to taxes, a report commissioned by industry group Foro Nuclear says. The report, prepared for Foro Nuclear by PwC, quantifies the socio-economic impact of the nuclear industry in Spain. It was compiled using data from companies and organisations, and from public information sources.

Guarantee Opens Door To ‘Unprecedented Collaboration’ Between UK And China
21.09.2015 - NucNet News
An initial government guarantee of around £2bn (€2.7bn, $3.1bn) for the planned Hinkley Point nuclear power station will open the door to “unprecedented collaboration” in the UK and China on the construction of new nuclear power stations, EDF Energy said today. The company was responding to news announced earlier that the UK will guarantee the £2bn deal under which China will invest in two planned Areva 1,600-megawatt EPR reactors at Hinkley Point, in Somerset, southwest England. EDF Energy said the deal will pave the way for a final investment decision, supported by China General Nuclear Corporation and China National Nuclear Corporation, later this year, with further amounts potentially available in the longer-term. The company said the agreement also boosts work being carried out under a memorandum of understanding on fuel cycle collaboration signed with China in 2014, which allows for the use of UK expertise in waste management and decommissioning.

UK Committee Begins Inquiry Into Energy Policy And Investor Confidence
18.09.2015 - NucNet News

A UK parliamentary committee has begun an inquiry into whether increased uncertainty around energy policy is undermining investor confidence. The energy and climate change committee will be investigating the factors that contribute to investor confidence in the energy sector. The committee wants to build an understanding of how the Department of Energy and Climate Change’s policy-making process might impact on investor decisions. Committee chairman Angus MacNeil said: “Energy projects like offshore wind farms and nuclear power stations can take years from planning to completion, so maintaining investor confidence is crucial if we want to upgrade our energy system.” He said energy experts say the government has “spooked” investors with a series of sudden energy policy changes announced over the summer without proper parliamentary scrutiny. Details online: http://bit.ly/1iw6zbw
Roof Of Iter Assembly Hall Building Lifted Into Place
17.09.2015 - NucNet News

The roof of the assembly hall building at the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) construction site at Cadarache in southern France was lifted into place on 16 September, Fusion for Energy, the organisation administering the Iter project, said. Once completed, the structure will host the assembly processes for the high-tech components needed for the installation of the reactor. The assembly hall building is 100m long, 60m wide and 60m high.

Nuclear Cooperation Should Focus On Safety, Says EC’s Upgraded SET Plan
16.09.2015 - NucNet News
In the short-term, cooperation in research and innovation between the European Commission and interested EU member states should focus on maintaining a high level of safety in the nuclear sector, from operation to decommissioning and final disposal, the EC’s upgraded Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan says. Long-term research and innovation in the EU will focus on the development of nuclear fusion, mainly built around the construction and operation of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) at Cadarache, southern France. The EU’s large share in the Iter project can support development of advanced and “key enabling technologies” in other sectors such as aerospace, the EC said. The European Union’s proposed Energy Union will be based on the upgraded SET Plan, which was adopted by the EC today. Details online: http://bit.ly/1NCAR9

Poland Will Have Four Or Five Reactors By Mid-2030s, Atomic Energy Head Tells IAEA
16.09.2015 - NucNet News
Poland intends to build two nuclear power stations with a total of four to five units by the mid-2030s, the president of the country’s National Atomic Energy Agency said.


UK Needs Nuclear Because Renewables Cannot Fill Gap, Says NIA Chairman
14.09.2015 - NucNet News
Unless the UK has new nuclear it is going to lose a vital source of reliable, secure low-carbon electricity, chairman of the London-based Nuclear Industry Association Lord Hutton has said. Writing in The Daily Telegraph, Lord Hutton, a former secretary of state for business, said: “While we’ve seen a welcome expansion in renewables, these are intermittent and cannot fill the gap alone.” He said when he instigated the nuclear white paper in 2008, which opened the doors for companies to invest in building new nuclear power stations, little did he think that almost a decade later he’d be defending the start of the UK’s nuclear programme. “But the arguments I made then, to reduce the use of fossil fuels to address climate change as well as secure the UK’s energy supplies, remain compelling. Those arguments are now compounded by the urgent need to replace the UK’s ageing energy infrastructure.” The article is online: http://bit.ly/1QcthQn

France To Open Nuclear Research Centres To IAEA Member States
14.09.2015 - NucNet News

 Research centres of France’s Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (atomic and alternative energy commission; CEA), will make their research reactors and other facilities available to institutions from International Atomic Energy Agency member states for education, and joint research and development (R&D) projects, Daniel Verwaerde, CEA’s general administrator, announced today.


France’s Fessenheim To Close In 2017, Say Reports
10.09.2015 - NucNet News
The Fessenheim nuclear station in Alsace, northeastern France, will be permanently shut down in 2017 as initially planned, local media have reported, citing government sources. The reports followed comments by energy minister Ségolène Royal, who said the two-unit station, which began commercial operation in 1978, will close once the Flamanville-3 EPR under construction in northern France is completed, which is scheduled for the end of 2018. France’s energy transition law says new nuclear power stations can be built only to replace existing reactors which are to be permanently shut down, effectively capping the amount of electricity which can be generated from nuclear.

E.On To Retain Control Of Nuclear Power Stations In Germany
10.09.2015 - NucNet News

German utility E.On will retain responsibility for its nuclear power stations in Germany after it divests the rest of its power generation, energy trading and exploration and production businesses in January 2016, the company has said.


Nuclear Expansion To Continue, But At Slower Pace, Says IAEA
08.09.2015 - NucNet News
Nuclear power’s global expansion is projected to continue in the coming decades – albeit at a slowing pace – amid challenges including low fossil fuel prices, a sluggish world economy and the legacy of Japan’s Fukushima-Daiichi accident, according to an International Atomic Energy Agency study released today.
Vattenfall
Confirms Plans To End Investment In Ringhals-1 And -2
07.09.2015 - NucNet News

All investment in the Ringhals-1 and -2 nuclear reactors will stop as of 2017, with savings of about €180m ($200m), Swedish power company Vattenfall said. The decision means that the two reactors cannot be operated after 2020, because they will not be upgraded to meet new safety requirements. Co-owners Vattenfall and E.On have not said when the units will be shut down. They said they had not yet been able to reach “a common position” on shutdown. Vattenfall said in April that it wants to shut the 881-MW Ringhals-1 and the 807-MW Ringhals-2 earlier than planned because they are unprofitable. Vattenfall had previously planned to run the reactors until about 2025. Ringhals-3 and -4 are not affected and plans remain to operate them for 60 years, or until around 2040, Vattenfall said. Ringhals-1, a boiling water reactor, began commercial operation in January 1976. Ringhals-2, a pressurised water reactor began commercial operation in May 1975.

Molten Salt Reactor Research Programme Begins In Europe
07.09.2015 - NucNet News

A consortium of research institutes and universities working under the European Commission have begun a four-year research programme designed to demonstrate the safety benefits of molten salt reactors, MIT Technology Review reported. Called ‘Safety Assessment of the Molten Salt Fast Reactor,‘ or Samofar, the effort could lead to the building of a prototype reactor in the early 2020s, the publication said. The organisations involved include the Technology University of Delft (TU Delft) in the Netherlands, France’s National Centre for Scientific Research, and the Commission’s Joint Research Centre in Brussels. Molten salt reactors are powered by a liquid fuel rather than solid fuel rods. They produce zero carbon and use a radioactive solution that blends nuclear fuel with a liquid salt, MIT Technology Review said. They can run on uranium, but are also ideally suited for thorium, an alternative nuclear fuel that is cleaner, safer, and more abundant than uranium. Molten salt reactors also offer inherent safety advantages. “Essentially, molten salt reactors could solve the two problems that have bedeviled the nuclear power industry: safety and waste,” MIT Technology Review said. TU Delt said one of the key challenges of the Samofar project is to understand the heat transfer in molten salt reactors during a range of conditions, both nominal and accidental.

NRC Approves Proposed Rule On Mitigating Extreme Events
04.09.2015 - NucNet News
The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has approved publication of a proposed rule that addresses measures for mitigating the consequences of extreme events affecting nuclear power plants. The proposed rule is intended to make “generically applicable” the requirements for mitigation strategies and used fuel pool instrumentation that the NRC imposed after the 2011 accident at Fukushima-Daiichi. It also would require that nuclear stations’ mitigation strategies be robust enough to survive earthquake and flooding hazards identified during recent and ongoing re-evaluations. The Washington-based industry group the Nuclear Energy Institute said the nuclear energy industry is implementing these requirements and strongly supports this part of the NRC staff’s intended rulemaking. Details: http://bit.ly/1i0pScM

IAEA Releases Updated Guidance For ‘Nuclear Newcomer’ Countries
04.09.2015 - NucNet News
The International Atomic Energy Agency has released an updated version of its key guidance document for countries considering nuclear power. The agency said the document includes clearer guidelines for the division of tasks between operators, the regulator and the government; a more detailed list of activities for the introduction of nuclear power; and a blueprint for coordination among players, including during the initial phase of nuclear infrastructure development. The document, ‘Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power’, provides guidance and checklists to nuclear newcomer countries. The IAEA said there are about 30 countries considering, planning or starting a nuclear power programme and that developing a nuclear power programme is “a major undertaking of at least 10 to 15 years”. The document is online: http://bit.ly/1NQSL87

Hinkley Point Construction ‘Could Be Delayed’, Says EDF
04.09.2015 - NucNet News
The construction of the UK’s first new nuclear power station in decades at Hinkley Point could be delayed, said the chief executive officer of French utility EDF, Jean-Bernard Lévy, according to reports. He said the two planned 1,600 megawatt EPR units at Hinkley Point C in Somerset, southwest England, will not start generating power in 2023 as planned. EDF said it will provide a revised timetable for the plant when it takes a final investment decision on the project, the reports said. The UK government agreed in 2013 to proceed with the project and to provide a minimum guaranteed financial return of up to £92.50/MWh (about €126/MWh, $141/MWh) for electricity produced over 35 years at the station. “We are in the ultimate phase [of the negotiation],” Mr Levy said. He said he recognised that given the new project schedule, EDF and its potential partners would have to revise the timeline for plant startup. An investment decision is expected “as soon as possible”, Mr Levy said.


Flamanville-3 Startup Scheduled For End Of 2018 Following ‘Comprehensive Review’
03.09.2015 - NucNet News
First fuel loading and startup of the delayed Flamanville-3 EPR reactor unit in northern France is now scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2018 following “a comprehensive review” of the project and project organisation, French utility EDF said today. The company said primary circuit mechanical erection is to be finalised in the first quarter of 2016. Electromechanical erection is scheduled to be completed and system performance testing to begin in the first quarter of 2017.


Vattenfall Submits Decommissioning Application For Germany’s Krümmel
26.08.2015 - NucNet News
Vattenfall has submitted the application for decommissioning and dismantling of the German Krümmel nuclear power station to the Ministry of Energy Transition, Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas of the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein, Vattenfall said. The company will also submit the safety report related to the decommissioning of the station in the coming months. The decommissioning and dismantling of the single-unit boiling water reactor station is expected to take 15 to 20 years. The Krümmel nuclear power station began commercial operation in 1984 and shut down permanently in 2011.

Anti-nuclear Groups Threaten Legal Action Over Beznau Station
21.08.2015 - NucNet News

Anti-nuclear groups Swiss Energy Foundation (SES), Tri-national Association of Nuclear Protection (ATPN) and Greenpeace have threatened legal action due to “serious vulnerabilities” at Switzerland’s Beznau nuclear power station, SES said. The groups say the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) would have to shut down the station if it was to review its standards for radioactive release in the case of an earthquake or flood. If ENSI does not comply with these demands, the groups will file a lawsuit in court. Axpo, the station operation, told Swiss public television that Beznau has passed all seismic tests and meets the highest safety standards. In July 2015, Axpo said it detected “flaw indications” in the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of the 365-megawatt Beznau-1 unit. The RPV of Beznau-2 is also being examined during an ongoing maintenance outage.

Belgium’s Doel-1 And -2 RPVs To Undergo Ultrasonic Testing
21.08.2015 - NucNet News

The reactor pressure vessels (RPV) of Belgium’s Doel-1 and -2 nuclear units will undergo ultrasonic testing respectively in October and November 2015 to check for possible flaws, local newspaper De Tijd has reported. The tests have been made necessary because the RPVs for both units were forged in the same facility as the RPV of Switzerland’s Beznau-1 where flaw indications were found during an examination in July 2015. The checks on Beznau-1 were being carried out as a result of recommendations in connection with flaw indications found in Belgium’s Doel-3 and Tihange-2 reactors. The Swiss unit will not be allowed to restart before the country’s regulator decides the findings do not represent any impairment to the safety of the unit. The tests on Doel-1 and -2 will form part of the investigation into the safety assessment of a possible 10-year lifetime extension. Doel-1 shut down in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life. Doel-2 is scheduled to begin a maintenance outage on 17 October 2015 and has an operating licence until 31 March 2016. The lifetime extension project has been endorsed by Belgian parliament.


Temelín-2 Back Online After Power Generator Repair
20.08.2015 - NucNet News

Unit 2 at the Temelín nuclear power station in the Czech Republic has returned to normal operation one week after the failure of the power generator cooling system in the non-nuclear section of the plant caused it to shut down, operator ČEZ said. The failure was caused by damage to one of the six ducts which draw the generated electricity from the generator. The generator underwent several tests before unit 2 was reconnected to the grid. An examination is being carried out on the generator of unit 1, which is in a scheduled maintenance outage. The Temelín nuclear power station has two VVER-1000/320 pressurised water reactors.

Temelín-2 Back Online After Steam Generator Repair
12.08.2015 - NucNet News
Unit 2 of the Temelín nuclear power station in the Czech Republic has returned to normal operation after a refuelling and maintenance outage was extended because of a leak in one of the four steam generators, nuclear regulator SUJB said. The leak was caused by corrosion damage to a tube inside the steam generator. Inspections of the three other steam generators showed further defects and led to the replacement of all similar tubes on all of Unit 2’s steam generators. Similar defects were found on steam generator tubes on Unit 1, which began a maintenance outage in July 2015. The tubes on the four steam generators of Unit 1 were also replaced. Temelín has two commercially operational VVER-1000 nuclear units which began commercial operation in 2002 and 2003.

UK Joint Venture Wins CAD 86 Million Waste Facility Contract
03.08.2015 - NucNet News
A CAD 86.8 million (€60m, $65m) contract to build the new Port Granby long-term nuclear waste management facility in Canada’s Ontario province has been awarded to a joint venture between UK multinational engineering company Amec Foster Wheeler and energy infrastructure company CB&I. Amec Foster Wheeler said in a statement that the Port Granby project includes relocating historic low-level radioactive waste and marginally contaminated soils from an existing waste management facility on the shoreline of Lake Ontario to a new facility approximately 1 km north of the current site.

UK’s ONR Outlines Progress On GDAs For UK-ABWR And AP1000
03.08.2015 - NucNet News
The generic design assessment (GDA) for Hitachi-GE’s UK ABWR design has progressed towards the end of step three of the four-step process, with a significant amount of technical work being undertaken, the UK’s Office for Nuclear Regulation said in its latest quarterly report. The ONR said that as the GDA continues it is expected that regulatory concerns and issues will be raised, but Hitachi-GE will have the time to address these issues. The ONR said it has modified the schedule for reviewing the UK ABWR design, but the adjustment will not affect the completion date for the review. The UK ABWR is still expected to complete the fourth step of the GDA process and receive design acceptance confirmation by December 2017, the ONR said. On the GDA for the Westinghouse AP1000 reactor, the ONR said the second quarter of 2015 had been the first period of “significant assessment work” across the outstanding GDA issues. Twenty percent of the deliverables expected for the closure phase have been submitted, largely on schedule, with some delivered ahead of schedule. The quarterly report is online: http://bit.ly/1K0EjUn

UK Launches First IAEA-Endorsed Nuclear Technology Management Programme
31.07.2015 - NucNet News
From September 2015 the University of Manchester in the UK will offer a new master’s programme on nuclear technology management that conforms to requirements endorsed by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the agency said. The nuclear technology management professional development programme is the first management-focused master’s programme designed to meet the requirements of the IAEA’s International Nuclear Management Academy (INMA) framework, the IAEA said. INMA defines a set of common requirements that a university has to meet in order to maintain the high quality of its nuclear technology management master’s programme. A university that wants to have its programme recognised as an INMA-endorsed programme has to incorporate into its curriculum “managerial competencies” defined by INMA, and receive an INMA peer review assessment, the IAEA said.

Ukraine Plans To Fund Khmelnitski Units With Electricity Exports To EU
30.07.2015 - NucNet News
Ukraine will connect the Khmelnitski nuclear power station to the European power grid by building a 750 kiloVolt power line between the station and the Polish town of Rzeszow, and using electricity exports to fund the completion of Khmelnitski-3 and -4, Ukraine’s nuclear power station operator Energoatom said.

IEA Urges Spain To Plan For ‘Market Investments’ In Lifetime Extensions
30.07.2015 - NucNet News
The government of Spain should provide a long-term policy framework aiming at encouraging market-based investments in nuclear lifetime extensions for the country’s fleet of seven commercial nuclear reactors, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said.

Belgium Close To Agreement On Doel-1 And -2 Extensions, Say Reports
29.07.2015 - NucNet News
The Belgian government and Electrabel, operator of the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear reactor units, have reached an agreement on lifetime extensions for the two units, local press reports said. Federal energy minister Marie-Christine Marghem announced the agreement with operator Electrabel and minority owner EDF, the reports said. The agreement will now be drafted into law for parliamentary approval. The nuclear regulator, the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc), must still give final approval on whether the two units can safely continue operating beyond their 40-year design lifetime, the reports said. In June 2015, the Belgian lower house of parliament approved government proposals to extend the lifetimes of Doel-1 and -2. Electrabel shut Doel-1 in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life. Doel-2 is scheduled to be taken offline on 31 March 2016.

NucNet Interview With German Atomic Forum President Ralf Güldner
29.07.2015 - NucNet News
With Germany pushing ahead with plans to phase out nuclear energy by 2022, Ralf Güldner, president of the German Atomic Forum (DAtF), spoke to NucNet about the future of nuclear, continuing efforts to open a high-level waste repository, and potential economic problems caused by high levels of uncertainty in the country’s power market. Mr Güldner said nuclear is still providing the German energy supply system with “very valuable baseload power”. He said nuclear accounts for about 16 to 17 percent of total power supply and about one-third of baseload supply. However, there are regional differences. In Bavaria nuclear provided nearly 50 percent of the total power supply in 2014. He said nuclear stations do not achieve their previous high levels of production because their output is being adjusted to compensate for renewables. “As a German citizen, I am curious as to how grid stability will be maintained in the future,” he said. The interview is online for subscribers: http://bit.ly/1IrBA9M

Atomic Forum President: ‘As A German Citizen, I Am Curious As To How Grid Stability Will Be Maintained’
29.07.2015 - NucNet News
With Germany pushing ahead with plans to phase out nuclear energy by 2020, Ralf Güldner, president of the German Atomic Forum (DAtF), talks to NucNet about the future of nuclear, continuing efforts to open a high-level waste repository, and potential economic problems caused by high levels of uncertainty in the country’s power market.

Spain Welcomes Regulator’s Approval For Storage Facility Report
29.07.2015 - NucNet News
Spain’s plans to build a centralised temporary storage facility (Almacén Temporal Centralizado, or ATC) for spent nuclear fuel are an important step for the Spanish nuclear programme and in line with strategies that have been internationally adopted, Antonio Cornadó, president of the Spanish Nuclear Forum (Foro Nuclear) has said. Mr Cornadó’s statement came as Spain’s nuclear regulator, the Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear (Council for Nuclear Safety, CSN), approved a report saying the proposed site for the ATC at Villar de Cañas in the province of Cuenca, central Spain, could be suitable for the facility.


Ukraine Nuclear Electricity Production Increases By 10%
27.07.2015 NucNet News
The share of nuclear-produced electricity in Ukraine increased by 9.7 percent in the first half of 2015 in comparison with the same period in 2014, the country’s nuclear power station operator Energoatom said. From January to June 2015 the share of nuclear electricity was 55 percent compared to 45.3 percent in the same period in 2014. The increase was due to a capacity factor of 74 percent in 2015 compared to 71 percent in 2014. Energoatom operates all of Ukraine’s 15 commercial nuclear power reactors, which together have a total installed capacity of 13,835 megawatts.


Sellafield Has Seen Record Levels Of Investment, Says NDA
27.07.2015 NucNet News
Greater focus on the high hazard areas of the Sellafield nuclear site in the UK has been reflected by record levels of investment, with the site’s annual budget reaching approximately £2 billion ($3.1bn, €2.8bn) in 2015-2016, the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority said. In a review of its work published today, the NDA said about one third of this is invested directly in the legacy ponds and silos programmes and that “significant progress” has been made in these programmes.

Ukraine’s Zaporozhye To Begin Replacing Back-up Batteries In 2016
24.07.2015 NucNet News
Batteries used as a back-up power source in the case of a loss-of-offsite-power event will be replaced starting in 2016 at Ukraine’s Zaporozhye nuclear power station, operator Energoatom said. The current batteries were supplied to the station between 1995 and 2005 by international battery manufacturer Varta and have a lifetime of 20 years. As the currently installed batteries approach the end of their lifetime, Energoatom is preparing to open a tender for the supply of replacement batteries, for which four European companies are expected to compete. The tender process will be opened before the end of 2015. Zaporozhye nuclear power station has six commercially operational VVER-1000 nuclear units.

UK Recruitment Industry Warns Of Nuclear Skills Shortage
20.07.2015 NucNet News
An inherent industry-wide skills shortage, an ageing workforce and a low takeup of Stem (science, technology, engineering and maths) subjects in schools, means staffing new nuclear build projects in the UK will be a challenge, a magazine dedicated to the recruitment industry said. Recruiter magazine quoted Ben Smith, nuclear team leader at recruiter Eximius, as saying three planned nuclear projects in the UK – at Moorside, Hinkley Point and Wylfa – are expected to create more than 40,000 jobs. He said there are projects elsewhere in the world, in addition to the skills shortage in the UK. “We need to identify talent from safety critical industries such as pharmaceutical, chemical, petrochemical, and transfer those candidates over into nuclear,” Mr Smith told the magazine. “We need to address what skills can be transferrable. Obviously oil and gas is down at the moment, so we would look to bring in relevant candidates from there.” The article is online: http://bit.ly/1Dq5h5t

Olkiluoto-3 Operation Scheduled For Late 2018, Says Finland’s TVO
20.07.2015 NucNet News

Regular electricity production from the new 1,600-megawatt Olkiluoto-3 EPR will start late in 2018, Finnish nuclear power company Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO) said in an interim financial results statement. The utility, releasing first half results, said the schedule had come from the plant supplier, a consortium of Areva and Siemens. TVO said civil construction work on the unit was almost complete. Pipeline installation and welding in the emergency generator building has progressed and work on cabling also continued, it said. Testing of the instrumentation and control systems has progressed and the first phase of the turbine plant commissioning has been completed, TVO said. If Olkiluoto-3 does become operational in 2018, it will be nine years behind schedule. Commercial operation was originally scheduled for April 2009 and subsequently delayed to 2016.

UK’s Upper House To Hold Special Evidence Session On Nuclear Fusion
17.07.2015 NucNet News
The upper house of the UK’s parliament will hold a one-off evidence session looking into the prospects for nuclear fusion and the UK’s research and development landscape on 21 July 2015. The House of Lords’ science and technology committee will question three key figures in the field of nuclear fusion research on a range of issues including the UK’s capability, levels of investment, and the timescale for commercialisation of fusion technologies.


German Energy Cooperative Submits Hinkley Point C State Aid Appeal
16.07.2015 - NucNet News
Ten companies including electricity suppliers and municipal utilities from Germany and Austria have submitted an appeal against the European Commission’s decision to allow state aid for the UK’s Hinkley Point C nuclear power station, German energy cooperative Greenpeace Energy said in a press statement. The lawsuit accuses the EC of legal and procedural errors, and says that the subsidies for the UK nuclear project could strongly influence European power prices and so distort competition. “We want the European Court of Justice to declare the EC’s decision as void because these exorbitant subsidies for nuclear energy are, in our view, unlawful operating aid. This should never have been approved,” said Sönke Tangermann, managing director of Greenpeace Energy, which describes itself as Germany’s largest national independent energy cooperative. On 6 July, the government of Austria filed a separate appeal against the EC’s decision.

Finland Ministry ‘Unable To Verify’ Status Of Possible Hanhikivi-1 Shareholder
16.07.2015 NucNet News
It has not been possible to “adequately verify” that control of the Croatian energy company Migrit Solarna Energija, which wants to take a nine percent share in the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear power plant project in Pyhäjoki, northwest Finland, is held by parties residing or domiciled in EU or European Free Trade Association countries, Finland’s Ministry of Employment and the Economy said. If the company takes the nine percent share, project developer Fennovoima would be able to fulfil a government requirement that the project have at least 60 percent domestic or European ownership. Fennovoima said last month that the government had asked for more information about Migrit. A ministry statement today said the matter would now be forwarded to the minister of economic affairs. The construction licence process, which began last month when Fennovoima submitted a construction licence application to the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, would remain open, the statement said.


Turboatom Of Ukraine To Refurbish And Replace Paks Turbines
15.07.2015 NucNet News

Turboatom of Ukraine is to refurbish the low-pressure turbines and replace the high-pressure turbines at all four units of the Paks nuclear station in Hungary, the company said. The high-pressure turbines will be a new model that will allow for an increase in capacity of the units. Turboatom, whose headquarters are in Kharkov, also signed a contract for the supply of 12 rows of turbine blades for Unit 2 at Paks. Turboatom said it has been the main supplier of equipment for Paks for over 30 years. All four Paks units are Russian VVER V-213 units.

Finland’s Fennovoima Receives Permits For Hanhikivi-1 Construction Work
10.07.2015 NucNet News

Fennovoima has received permits related to the planned construction of the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear power plant in Pyhäjoki, northwest Finland, the company said. The first permit is for construction of the harbour area and cooling water intake structures of the nuclear power plant, and dredging of the navigation channel. The second permit concerns the dredging of rock and other “masses” that will be used when building breakwaters and protective embankments, and in the various filling and levelling operations performed in the plant area. The navigation channel and the harbour will be used for transporting machinery and equipment during the construction of the plant and annual maintenance outages. The cooling water will be taken from the sea through the harbour basin where the onshore cooling water intake structures are located. Last month Fennovoima submitted a construction licence application to the Ministry of Employment and the Economy for Hanhikivi-1, which will be provided by Russia and based on Russia’s AES-2006 Generation III+ pressurised water reactor design.

Nuclear Led Energy Production In Spain In 2014, Says Report
09.07.2015 NucNet News

Spain’s nuclear park of seven commercially operational reactors provided 20.48 percent of the country’s electricity in 2014 – the highest percentage of any power production method, industry group Foro Nuclear says in a report. Nuclear production increased by 0.8 percent from 2013, the report says.

Ukraine Plans To Fund Khmelnitski Units With Electricity Exports To EU
08.07.2015 NucNet News

Ukraine will connect the Khmelnitski nuclear power station to the European power grid by building a 750 kiloVolt power line between the station and the Polish town of Rzeszow, and using electricity exports to fund the completion of Khmelnitski-3 and -4, Ukraine’s nuclear power station operator Energoatom said. The power line is part of a pilot project, approved on 15 June by Ukraine’s cabinet of ministers, to connect Ukraine to the European Union member states.

Sweden Regulator Finds ‘Deficiencies’ In Oskarshamn-1 Safety Assessment
08.07.2015 NucNet News

The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) has found “deficiencies” and “gaps” in the radiation safety assessment of the Oskarshamn-1 nuclear unit, the SSM said. The issues are “not serious” and do not require “immediate action”, but a new report is required, the SSM said. The deficiencies do not mean that the safety of the unit has decreased, but that it has not been improved to the highest possible extent. SSM requires an overall assessment of every reactor unit every 10 years and the next report for Oskarshamn-1 is due on 31 December 2017. Oskarshamn-1 is a 440 megawatt boiling water reactor unit which began commercial operation in 1972.

EDF Takeover Could Hit Areva’s Order Book, Says Report
08.07.2015 NucNet News

French state-controlled utility EDF’s planned takeover of the nuclear reactor arm of Areva could hit Areva’s order book as utilities may not want to buy equipment from another utility, a parliament report released today said, according to media reports. In June, the French government approved EDF's plan to take over Areva’s core reactor building unit, and said it would recapitalise the loss-making company. “It is possible that nuclear plant operators would hesitate to place orders with the new Areva, which in theory could become a competitor of its own clients,” said the report, which was led by Socialist MP Marc Goua and The Republicans MP Herve Mariton. They added, however, that some potential first-time buyers of nuclear plants may prefer to deal with a company that both builds and operates nuclear plants. According to Reuters, the report also recommends giving the new reactor business – in which Areva would keep a minority stake – a large degree of autonomy and said other investors should be given a chance to invest in the company in order to diversify its shareholdership. The report also recommends that Areva itself – which will be refocused as a nuclear fuel group after the sale of the reactor unit – should open its capital to foreign investors, notably Chinese, Reuters said.

Wano CEO Says Nuclear Industry Has Failed To ‘Educate The World’
07.07.2015 NucNet News
The nuclear energy industry has failed to educate the world on the science of nuclear energy and to speak in understandable terms with respect to the hazards posed by radiation in relativistic terms, the chief executive officer of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (Wano) said. In a speech at an International Atomic Energy Agency conference, Ken Ellis said “we insist on talking about mRem and mSv, and becquerels in factors 10 to the 10”. He said: “It means nothing to the average person. They absolutely cannot quantify what it means, and it merely feeds their visceral fear of radiation. All they know is radiation is peculiar due to its sensory deprivation. They can’t see it, smell it, taste it, hear it, or feel it. It can harm them, and hence it frightens them.” Mr Ellis said nuclear’s advantage is that it is “a learning industry” that has embraced the principles of sharing operating experience and welcomed the scrutiny of their peers, all in the name of continuous improvement. The speech is online: http://bit.ly/1CjEz37

Belgium’s Doel-1 And -2 To Undergo Lifetime Extension Tests
06.07.2015 NucNet News

Belgium’s Doel-1 and -2 nuclear units will have to undergo a series of tests before permission can be given for them to operate for a further 10 years, the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc) said. Fanc said it received a lifetime extension plan from operator Electrabel which lists a set of actions to be taken to ensure the safe operation of the two units, and it agrees with the “general principles” of the plan. The next step is for Fanc to analyse the details of each action in the plan and to decide whether an environmental impact assessment and public consultation process are necessary. On 22 June 2015, Belgium’s lower house approved a government proposal to extend the lifetime of the two reactors until 2025. Electrabel’s plan is online (in Dutch): http://bit.ly/1H3oo6I

Austria Challenges EC Decision On Hinkley Point ‘State Aid’ In European Court
06.07.2015 NucNet News

The government of Austria today filed a formal appeal against the decision of the European Commission to allow state aid for the UK’s Hinkley Point C nuclear power station project, the Austrian Chancellor said. Werner Faymann said subsidies exist to support modern technologies that operate in the general interest of all EU member states and nuclear power is not one of them. “Nuclear power plants are dangerous, expensive, and compared to technologies of the future such as wind, hydro or solar energy, they are neither economically nor ecologically competitive,” he said. On 2 July 2015, German energy cooperative Greenpeace Energy said it and nine other companies from Germany and Austria will also submit an appeal against the EC’s decision.


Ukraine To Cooperate With US Company On Uranium Conversion
03.07.2015 NucNet News

Ukraine’s state-owned enterprise Nuclear Fuel has agreed to cooperate with US uranium conversion company ConverDyn, the Ukrainian company said in a statement. The two sides are considering the potential for creating a joint facility for the production of uranium hexafluoride for use in Ukraine’s nuclear power stations. The companies agreed to continue exploring the options. ConverDyn is owned by General Atomics and Honeywell and specialises in the conversion of uranium oxide, also known as yellowcake, into uranium hexafluoride.

German Energy Cooperative Ready To Submit Hinkley Point C State Aid Appeal
02.07.2015 NucNet News

Ten companies including electricity suppliers and municipal utilities from Germany and Austria will in the coming days submit an appeal against the European Commission’s decision to allow state aid for the UK’s Hinkley Point C nuclear power station, German energy cooperative Greenpeace Energy said in a press statement. The group will argue that the UK nuclear project could strongly influence German power prices and so “distort competition”. “We are complaining against these boundless nuclear subsidies, because from an ecological and macro-economic viewpoint, they appear senseless and bring substantial financial disadvantages for other energy suppliers, renewable energies and for consumers,” said Soenke Tangermann, managing director of Greenpeace Energy, which describes itself as Germany’s largest national independent energy cooperative. The statement also said the British model to support nuclear energy could serve as a precedent for other nuclear projects, threatening the German energy transition.

UK ‘In Talks With EDF’ Over Austria’s Hinkley Point C Legal Challenge
01.07.2015 NucNet News

EDF and the UK government are in discussions about potential liability should Austria win its challenge to the European Commission decision facilitating the development of Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant. The contingency talks on who will pick up the costs were held this week, according to the Daily Telegraph. Plans for the Hinkley Point C plant received state aid clearance from the European Commission last year, but Austria has vowed to challenge this, alleging that subsidies for the project constitute illegal state aid. Although the UK government and EDF both insist the appeal has no merit, The Daily Telegraph said they are yet to agree on what would happen in the unlikely event Austria does win.


Nuclear Has To Be Part Of Solution To EU Energy Challenges, Says Cañete
30.06.2015 NucNet News

Any solution to the European Union’s wider energy challenges has to factor in nuclear because the energy it produces constitutes a reliable source of baseload, low-carbon electricity, plays an important role in energy security, and contributes to meeting the EU’s decarbonisation targets, commissioner for climate action and energy Miguel Arias Cañete said today.

Fennovoima Submits Construction Licence Application For Hanhikivi-1
30.06.2015 NucNet News

Finland’s Fennovoima has submitted a construction licence application to the Ministry of Employment and the Economy for the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear power plant in Pyhäjoki, northwest Finland. The company also confirmed that it could fulfil a government requirement that the project have at least 60 percent domestic or European ownership.
A statement said a number of companies had taken shareholdings in Voimaosakeyhtiö SF, one of Fennovoima’s two owners.


EBRD Establishing Fund To Remediate Soviet-Era Uranium Sites
30.06.2015 NucNet News
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development is setting up a fund to deal with radioactive contaminated material resulting from Soviet-era uranium mining and processing in the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, the bank said.

Nuclear Is Key To Meeting Challenge Of Fossil Fuel Phaseout, Says French Industry Group
30.06.2015 NucNet News
 
Seventy percent of the world’s electricity comes from fossil fuels and all sources of low-carbon energy, including nuclear, will be needed to meet the challenge of phasing out fossil fuels by the end of the century in line with targets announced by the G7 group of industrial powers, the French Nuclear Society (SFEN) said.

Nuclear Industry Welcomes G7 Pledge To Phase Out Fossil Fuels
30.06.2015 NucNet News
The Group of Seven industrial powers’ agreement to cut greenhouse gases by phasing out the use of fossil fuels by the end of the century is an “admirable initiative” that means all clean energy technologies, including nuclear, will have a role to play in the future energy mix, the nuclear industry said.

Life Extension Work Begins At Ukraine’s Rovno-3
26.06.2015 NucNet News

The Rovno-3 nuclear reactor in Ukraine has been taken offline for planned refuelling and service work, along with additional work designed to ensure a life extension, state nuclear operator Energoatom said. The life extension work is focusing on the fuel storage pool and the storage racks, where material samples from metal cladding and concrete have been taken to assess their quality in a laboratory. Another area of work being carried out is seismic protection, with evaluation of key elements and components related to the plant’s ability to withstand earthquakes, Energoatom said. Rovno-3, in northwest Ukraine, is a 950-megawatt VVER V-320 pressurised water reactor unit. It began commercial operation in May 1987.

E.On Wants Early Shutdown Of Oskarshamn Reactors
24.06.2015 NucNet News
E.On, the main shareholder in Swedish nuclear operator OKG, wants to permanently shut Oskarshamn-1 and -2 in Sweden earlier than planned because they are unprofitable, the company said in a statement. However, minority owner Fortum said in a separate statement yesterday that it wants to keep the reactors running. OKG said a formal decision by its board of directors on whether the proposed closure will be implemented is not expected to be taken until after the summer. Oskarshamn-1, a 473-megawatt boiling water reactor, began commercial operation in February 1972. Oskarshamn-3 (638-MW BWR) began commercial operation in January 1975.

Austria Ready To File Official Hinkley Point C Complaint
24.06.2015 NucNet News

Austria is to officially file a legal complaint in Brussels against state subsidies for the UK’s planned new Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant, the government in Vienna said, according to press reports. “We cannot accept that a technology such as this being portrayed through subsidies as being modern, sustainable and future-oriented,” Chancellor Werner Faymann said after a cabinet meeting. The complaint, which Vienna had already threatened in September, will be filed on Monday 29 June, the chancellor said. In April 2015, EDF Energy, the UK subsidiary of France’s EDF, said it would reduce the number of staff at the Hinkley Point C site after having completed the preparatory work and awaiting a final investment decision. In February 2015, EDF said it was working hard with the UK government to finalise all agreements on Hinkley Point C and was making “significant progress”.

Councillors Call For New Station At UK’s Dungeness
23.06.2015 NucNet News

Local councillors have backed a proposal to lobby the government for a new nuclear power station at Dungeness in southern England. Shepway District Council said it wants to see a Dungeness C station built, which would “create and sustain jobs” in the nuclear industry. The motion was proposed by councillor Rory Love, who said it is time to keep Dungeness “right at the forefront of the government’s mind” as it looks to roll out non-carbon generation in the UK. There are two existing stations at Dungeness, in the county of Kent. Dungeness A has two gas-cooled reactors which have both been permanently shut down since 2006. Dungeness B has two operational 520-megawatt GCRs, both of which have had 10-year life extension until 2028 after a £150 million (€210m, $236m) improvement programme.

Iter Working To Overcome ‘Serious And Accumulated Delays’
23.06.2015 NucNet News

Work is progressing towards an updated project plan which recognises the “serious accumulated delays” on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) project at Cadarache in France, a statement said. The new plan integrates the scope, cost and schedule for the Iter project and will be discussed at the next meeting of Iter’s governing body, the Iter Council, in November 2015. At a recent meeting the Council asked that the Iter organisation and the domestic agencies, as well as the Iter member states, continue to work closely to stop schedules slipping for critical and super-critical components. The domestic agencies were formed by all seven Iter members to liaise between national governments and the Iter organisation. The seven members are Europe, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the US.

Wano Announces Post-Fukushima Long-Term Plan
22.06.2015 NucNet News
The World Association of Nuclear Operators (Wano) has published a long-term plan that will pave the way for the organisation to become more effective and to correct shortfalls that contributed to its inability to identify and direct the global industry support necessary to have prevented the Fukushima-Daiichi accident.


Belgium’s Lower House Approves Doel Lifetime Extensions
22.06.2015 NucNet News

The Belgian lower house has approved government proposals to extend the lifetimes of the Doel-1 and Doel-2 nuclear reactors to 2025. Operator Electrabel said the vote is an important step to restarting Doel-1 and extending the operation of Doel-2. The company shut Doel-1 in February 2015 when it reached the end of its 40-year operating life. Doel-2 is scheduled to be taken offline on 30 November 2015. Negotiations on the lifetime extensions will include Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc), who has said it will not renew the licences of the two units unless security and safety upgrades are made in line with conditions set out in an action plan published in 2012.

Sweden’s OKG Puts Oskarshamn-2 Uprate On Hold
18.06.2015 NucNet News
An uprate the Oskarshamn-2 nuclear unit in Sweden that would have increased its generating capacity by 27 percent has been indefinitely postponed, plant operator OKG said. The company said it has renegotiated the supply agreement for the uprate, but “in the current situation, there is no decision on when the option may be taken”. OKG chief executive officer Johan Svenningsson said: “Current market forecasts indicate that there is no need for such a power uprate. Since the plant is already largely configured for the higher power, our contract has now been reformulated so that we can instead postpone such an increase until a time when the market demands it.” Oskarshamn-2, a 638-megawatt boiling water reactor, began commercial operation in June 1975.

UK Should Have Public Ownership Option For Nuclear Plants, Says Report
17.06.2015 NucNet News

A public ownership option should be introduced for new nuclear capacity in the UK, a report by the Institute for Public Policy Research says today. The report, which looks at who is paying the most to fund the environmental and social policies that are wrapped up in the consumer’s energy bills, says public ownership would reduce the risks involved in developing new nuclear capacity, and thus the cost of capital, and would secure some gains for the British bill-payer. The report is online: http://bit.ly/1SmUMIN

IAEA Praises Progress Made By Finland’s Regulator
16.06.2015 NucNet News

Finland’s Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Stuk) has strengthened its oversight and made significant progress by addressing 26 of 29 findings issued by an Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) mission in 2012, the International Atomic Energy Agency said. The IAEA said in a statement: “This is a significant accomplishment in less than three years, demonstrating commitment to an effective implementation of the IAEA safety standards.”


Nuclear Industry Welcomes G7 Pledge To Phase Out Fossil Fuels
09.06.2015 NucNet News
The Group of Seven industrial powers’ agreement to cut greenhouse gases by phasing out the use of fossil fuels by the end of the century is an “admirable initiative” that means all clean energy technologies, including nuclear, will have a role to play in the future energy mix, the nuclear industry has said. Keith Parker, chief executive of the UK’s Nuclear Industry Association, said the risks associated with climate change cannot be ignored by the global community, and the harmful effects of air pollution are already being felt across the world.




GMF NEWS


The GMF Annual Conference has been celebrated in Paks

28.05.2015 - GMF
The GMF Conference “Nuclear Energy as a Real Option for Future and Stakeholder Engagement ” took place in Paks in Erzsébet Nagy Szálloda on 2-3 June 2015.
Representatives of 8 countries assisted to the event with the following agenda:

Tuesday, 2nd June 2015 –DAY 1
Opening session
József Bálint, president of TEIT and Roland Palmqvist, President of GMF

“The role of nuclear energy in Hungary”
National Development Ministry representative

Paks NPP as an important player in electricity generation
Representative of the Paks NPP management

The future of nuclear energy in Hungary
Representative of Paks 2 management

“Radioactive waste management in Hungary”
Representative of PURAM management

Paks 1, Paks 2 and PURAM
Representatives, public relations and stakeholder engagement

TEIT, TETT, NyMTIT, ITT
Presidents Municipality Associations as bridges between the public and the operator

Official dinner

Wednesday 3rd June 2015 DAY 2
Technical visits:
Paks NPP
Maintenance Training Centre and Museum of Atomicenergetics
Interim storage for Spent Fuel

Visit of Szálka village,introduction of the summer camp for young people

Lunch in Bátaapáti

Technical visit to National Radioactive waste repository

Dinner in Szekszárd


Vattenfall And E.On Sign Decommissioning Agreement
29.05.2015 NucNet News 
Vattenfall and E.On have signed a long-term agreement to cooperate on the decommissioning and dismantling of their joint venture nuclear stations. The main objective of the agreement is to incorporate experience from the dismantling of E.On’s Stade nuclear station in the planning and implementation of the decommissioning of the Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy power plants. As part of the agreement, the companies will develop and use concepts such as the deconstruction for the dismantling of large components and logistics, waste treatment or disposal. In Germany, Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy has shares in the Brunsbüttel , Krümmel and Brokdorf nuclear stations.

Terrestrial Energy To Work On Gen IV Reactor With UK’s Dalton Institute
29.05.2015 NucNet News 
Canada-based Terrestrial Energy will work with the Dalton Nuclear Institute at the University of Manchester, UK, to advance the integral molten salt reactor (IMSR) to the construction and licensing phase, expected early 2017, a statement said. Terrestrial Energy said the IMSR is a Generation IV nuclear reactor system that represents “a revolution in nuclear safety, waste, proliferation and cost competitiveness”. It can provide stable, carbon-free, high-quality heat and electricity for industrial customers at a cost that is competitive with fossil fuels, including coal power, the company said. The IMSR is grid- and water- independent, scalable, and “far more convenient than fossil fuel power”. The IMSR is ideal for small and medium electricity markets, industrial facilities and remote communities, the company said. For details: http://terrestrialenergy.com



GMF NEWS


ENEF Plenary Meeting


28.05.2015 - GMF

On May 26th and 27th ENEF celebrated the Plenary Meeting in Prague.

The work of the European Nuclear Energy Forum - ENEF has been organised between 2007 and 2009 around two Plenary meetings per year, held successively in Bratislava and Prague. During these Plenary meetings, the activities of the working groups are presented and contribute to an open dialogue among all stakeholders. From 2009 on, it was decided that their frequency should be annual.

GMF was represented by the President, Roland Palmqvist and the Secretary General, Mariano Vila d'Abadal.

ENEF 2015 Final Programme


 


Q&A: The Key Elements Of ‘De-Risking’ Nuclear New-Build
26.05.2015 NucNet News 
As the company’s plans to build three reactors at Moorside in the UK gather pace, NuGen interim chief executive officer Sandy Rupprecht talks to NucNet about progress in recent months, the need for certainty on a strike price, and the safety of the Westinghouse AP1000 reactor that will be deployed at the site.
NucNet: Can you give us a general view of where the Moorside nuclear project stands and of what is being done at the moment to move the project forward? Is the first reactor still scheduled to be online in 2024?

SR: In our development plan, we targeted having the first reactor online by 2024 – with all three AP1000 units online by end of 2026. I am pleased with the significant progress being made with the Moorside project since the change of shareholding in June 2014. In just 10 months since Toshiba and Engie, formerly GDF Suez, announced their joint venture, we have built momentum and confidence in the project.


Municipal elections in Spain
25.05.2015
Municipal elections to choose the composition of all of Spain's city councils were held on Sunday 24 May 2015. The municipal elections took place simultaneously across all of Spain to choose 67,611 local councillors and 8,093 mayors in municipalities across Spain as well as their regional MPs in 13 regions - all Spanish regions but Andalusia, Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia that have their elections in a different date - and two autonomous-cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

You can find de results details here


Magnox Announces Job Cuts At 12 UK Sites
22.05.2015 NucNet News 
Between 1,400 and 1,600 jobs are set to be cut across 12 Magnox nuclear sites in the UK up to September 2016 under restructuring plans announced by Magnox Limited. The company said the mission to safely decommission the Magnox sites has always predicted reducing staff numbers over the coming years. Staff numbers at the 12 sites have been declining as progress is made on decommissioning programmes, a statement said. Magnox Ltd is responsible for decommissioning Magnox reactor sites in England, Scotland and Wales, which were the first generation of civil nuclear power plants in the UK built during the 1950s and 60s.

UK Regulator Highlights ‘Significant Progress’ On AP1000 GDA
22.05.2015 NucNet News 
Westinghouse has invested significant time, resources and effort to address regulatory issues, and has made significant progress with the generic design assessment (GDA) for the AP1000 in the UK, the UK’s joint regulators have said. The Office for Nuclear Regulation and the Environment Agency said in a quarterly report on the GDA process that Westinghouse’s approach over January 2015 was “a marked shift in pace” and Westinghouse was able to deliver credible resolution plans across all of the GDA issues with associated schedules. The AP1000 GDA should be complete in January 2017, the regulators said. “However there are several GDA Issues that will require “sustained and enhanced attention” from Westinghouse, and right first-time delivery. The quarterly report is online: http://bit.ly/1FHtDxJ

Hungary Faces Safety Challenges, Says IAEA Review Team
22.05.2015 NucNet News 
Hungary faces nuclear and radiation safety challenges, including consolidating a complex distribution of regulatory responsibilities among different authorities, and ensuring effective independence of the regulatory body, an International Atomic Energy Agency integrated regulatory review service (IRRS) team said. Amendments to legislation approved by parliament earlier this year will help address some of these issues by extending the supervisory role of Hungary’s Atomic Energy Agency, at a time when the country prepares to build new reactors to maintain the capacity of its Paks nuclear station, the team said. The team today concluded a 12-day mission to review the regulatory framework for nuclear safety in Hungary.

France’s Onet Acquires Non-Destructive Testing Specialist Applus RTD
21.05.2015 NucNet News
The France-based services and engineering group Onet has acquired Applus RTD France, which specialises in non-destructive testing for the energy and power sectors, including the nuclear energy industry. Onet did not say how much the deal was worth, but said the acquisition would allow it to offer a global service in non-destructive examinations and non-destructive tests. Applus RTD’s services for the nuclear industry include leak testing, thermal testing and ultrasonic testing.

IAEA Calls For Countries To Join Spent Fuel And Waste Convention
13.05.2015 NucNet News
The International Atomic Energy Agency has urged countries to help improve nuclear safety by joining the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. IAEA deputy director-general Denis Flory said: “The objectives of the convention... can best be realised with the broad addition of more contracting parties, and the active participation of all contracting parties in the review process.” He said there are still some contracting parties that have not submitted a national report, or that are not attending the current two-week review meeting, being held in Vienna, or have not responded to questions on their national report. The role of the national report is to explain how each contracting party complies with, or plans to comply with, the safety measures to manage spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste under the convention.


First Quarter Generation Increases At France’s Nuclear Stations
13.05.2015 NucNet News
Electricity generated by France’s nuclear power stations increased by nearly three percent in the first quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014, the country’s EDF Group said. EDF said combined electricity generation from the country’s 58 commercially operational nuclear reactors was 118.2 terawatt hours, up 3.3 TWh or 2.9 percent due to “good availability of plants and stronger demand for these facilities due to weather conditions”.

Electrabel Postpones Doel-3, Tihange-2 Restarts To November 2015
13.05.2015 NucNet News
Belgium utility and nuclear power station operator Electrabel has postponed the restart of the Doel-3 and Tihange-2 nuclear units until 1 November 2015 instead of 1 July 2015, the company said. The delay is the result of an announcement by the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc) last week that it will take “several months” to analyse the safety case put forward by Electrabel related to hydrogen flakes discovered on the two units’ reactor pressure vessels. Doel-3 and Tihange-2 were shut down in 2012 after the flaws were discovered in their RPVs. In June 2013 the units were restarted, but were shut down again in March 2014 after unexpected results from additional tests.

Belgium Parliament Committee Approves Doel-1 And -2 Lifetime Extension
13.05.2015 NucNet News
The economic committee of the Belgian parliament last night approved the government’s plan for a 10-year lifetime extension of Electrabel’s Doel-1 and -2 nuclear units, the parliament said. The parliamentary committee accepted the provisions related to the lifetime extension of the two nuclear units, but has not yet adopted the full text of the legislation. It will hold a final vote at a second reading on 26 May 2015, after which the legislation will have to be approved at a regular parliamentary session.


Nuclear ‘Essential For Turkey’, Says IEA Chief Economist
12.05.2015 NucNet News
Nuclear energy is essential for Turkey, which relies heavily on natural gas from Russia, because the country’s energy demand is growing more than any other European country, the International Energy Agency’s chief economist Fatih Birol was quoted by Turkish media as saying. “Turkey faces the most rapid increase in energy demand among European countries, so we must use not only renewable energy but also nuclear energy,” Mr Birol said. Turkey has two nuclear stations in development – Akkuyu in cooperation with Rosatom and Sinop with an Areva-Mitsubishi Heavy Industries joint venture. The government has expressed interest in a third nuclear station.

Tractebel Signs Contract To Be Owner’s Engineer For Pallas Reactor Project
11.05.2015 NucNet News
Belgium-based Tractebel Engineering has signed a contract to be owner’s engineer for the planned Pallas research reactor to be built at Petten in the Netherlands, replacing the existing high-flux research reactor, which has been in operation since 1961 and is reaching the end of its economic life. Pallas said the contract was signed by Hermen van der Lugt, managing director of the foundation responsible for Pallas, and Luc Vanhoenacker, deputy general manager nuclear of Tractebel Engineering, a division of GDF Suez. Pallas did not say how much the contract was worth.


German Atomic Forum President Calls For Progress On Final Repository
06.05.2015 NucNet News
Germany’s nuclear waste management commission (ESK) has made significant progress in its work, but concerns about the time frame expected for the selection and construction of a final repository for high-level radioactive waste disposal need to be addressed, the president of the German Atomic Forum said. Ralf Güldner told the Annual Meeting on Nuclear Technology in Berlin that ESK must “take on its responsibility to develop suggestions on how to accelerate the selection procedure [for a final repository] and further steps”.


Germany ‘Committed To Nuclear Safety’ Despite Phase-Out
06.05.2015 NucNet News
Germany will continue to update its nuclear safety regulations in line with international standards until the last nuclear units are expected to shut down in 2022, Kay Nünighoff of nuclear services company GRS said today at the Annual Meeting on Nuclear Technology in Berlin. As soon as new safety regulations are published by international organisations such as the International Atomic Energy Agency or the Western European Nuclear Regulators Association (Wenra), their possible impact on German regulations will be analysed, Mr Nünighoff said. In 2014, Wenra published new safety reference levels which have to be implemented by member countries by 2017 and Germany will participate in the implementation process, he said.

One Month After Failing Initial Test, European Parliament Approves Iter Spending
05.05.2015 NucNet News
One month after it failed an initial budget test, the European Parliament has approved the way the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) project implemented its 2013 budget, the Parliament said. The approval came after a vote by all 750 members of the European Parliament at a plenary session on 29 April 2015 in favour of granting the so-called “discharge” for the 2013 budget of Fusion for Energy (F4E), the organisation in charge of Iter.
In the annual “discharge” procedure, the European Parliament verifies whether EU funds were spent according to EU rules. It may grant, postpone or refuse to grant a discharge, which is the seal of approval required for the formal closure of institutional accounts.
On 24 March 2015, the European Parliament’s budgetary control committee criticised F4E, saying it had failed budget tests because it did not show that funds had been managed appropriately. It recommended that the Parliament as whole should postpone an approval of the accounts until October 2015.


Ukraine Conflict Is Alarming Reminder Of Need For Energy Security, Says EU’s Šefčovič
05.05.2015 NucNet News
Conflict in east Ukraine has sent an alarming reminder to political leaders that Europe’s energy dependency is rendering the region highly vulnerable to disruptions, Maroš Šefčovič, vice-president for energy union said. In a speech at the EU Energy Security Conference in Brussels today Mr Šefčovič said in this climate energy security has become a political concern at regional, national, and European levels. He said the EU is the biggest energy importer in the world, spending over one billion euros a day on its energy supply, with some of its member states entirely dependent on single, sometimes dominant providers. He said the EU needs to consume less by improving energy efficiency; rely more on indigenous resources; diversify its external suppliers; and integrate its energy markets into “one where energy can flow freely”.


IAEA Publication Focuses On Fuel Cycle Objectives
04.05.2015 NucNet News
A new publication by the International Atomic Energy Agency describes how to achieve nuclear fuel cycle objectives specifically in the case of nuclear fuel engineering and performance. The publication, ‘Quality and Reliability Aspects in Nuclear Power Reactor Fuel Engineering’, focuses on the technological aspects of fuel quality and reliability, but also provides information about corresponding areas of nuclear safety and management. It covers major technical, safety and organisational aspects of fuel quality and reliability assurance for all types of water-cooled reactors. For details and download: http://bit.ly/1JAo5WA.


Slovakia Plans Majority Stake In Slovenske Elektrarne, Says PM
04.05.2015 NucNet News
Italy’s Enel SpA is reassessing a plan to sell its 66 percent stake in Slovenske Elektrarne after Slovak prime minister Robert Fico said the government wants to gain control of the utility and prevent a sale to a third party. Enel will seek to sell the first tranche of its stake this year, but is committed to finishing the construction of the Mochovce-3 and -4 nuclear reactor units in line with the Slovak government’s wishes, chief executive officer Francesco Starace said after a meeting with Mr Fico. Enel had previously set a goal of selling its entire Elektrarne stake and exiting Slovakia this year as part of the Rome-based company’s strategy of reducing debt. Mr Fico said the government, which holds the remaining 34 percent of the power utility, wants to gain a controlling share. He said a change of Slovenske Elektrarne’s ownership would “further delay” completion of Mochovce-3 and -4.

SFR Is Only Generation IV System Close To Prototype, Says IRSN Review
30.04.2015 NucNet News
The sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) system is the only one of six nuclear systems being considered by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) that has reached a degree of maturity compatible with the construction of a prototype during the first half of the 21st century, France’s Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) said. In a review of all six proposed Generation IV systems IRSN said even the construction of an SFR prototype will entail the completion of “key studies and technological developments”.
IRSN said it did not see evidence that led it to conclude that the six systems being considered are likely to offer a significantly improved level of safety compared with Generation III reactors.


France’s IRSN And Ukraine Regulator Strengthen Collaboration
30.04.2015 NucNet News
The French Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûrete Nucléaire (IRSN) and Ukraine’s State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate signed a cooperation agreement in Kiev, IRSN said. The cooperation covers broad technical areas such as the evaluation of nuclear installation safety, radiation protection, the modernisation of existing nuclear power plants, the management of radioactive waste, and decommissioning.

Vattenfall Reports Lower Nuclear Availability In 2015
29.04.2015 NucNet News
Sweden utility Vattenfall produced 12 terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity from nuclear energy in the first quarter of 2015, compared to 14.8 TWh in the same time period in 2014, the company said. The lower figure was mainly attributable to an extended outage at Ringhals-2, which led to the station’s availability decreasing from 97 percent in the first quarter of 2014 to 69 percent in 2015. The availability at the Forsmark station decreased from 99 percent in 2014 to 91 percent in 2015. The overall availability of Vattenfall’s nuclear power stations decreased from 98 percent in the first quarter of 2014 to 79 percent in 2015.

Vattenfall Might Shut Down Ringhals-1 And -2 Earlier Than Expected
28.04.2015 NucNet News
Swedish utility Vattenfall is considering shutting down the Ringhals-1 boiling water reactor and Ringhals-2 pressurised water reactor between 2018 and 2020 instead of in 2025 because of the declining profitability and increased costs of operation, the company said. A decision will be taken by the Ringhal’s board of directors and requires a consensus between coowners Vattenfall and E.On. Vattenfall’s five other commercially operational nuclear units, including Ringhals-3 and -4 and three units at Forsmark, will continue operating until the 2040s.


Germany’s E.On Moves Nuclear Assets Into New Company Called Uniper
28.04.2015 NucNet News
Germany’s E.On is to create a new company for its conventional, fossil fuel power generation and nuclear energy assets, including the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear power stations, the company said. The new company, which will also include E.On’s energy trading and exploration and production businesses, will be named Uniper and will begin operations on 1 January 2016, E.On said.
Uniper will encompass E.ON’s activities in the conventional energy market, including its nuclear energy assets and existing provisions for the dismantling and disposal of nuclear power stations. The company will ensure the safe decommissioning of nuclear power stations and provide competitive services to third parties. E.On said.


SFR Is Only Generation IV System Close To Prototype, Says IRSN Review
27.04.2015 NucNet News
T
he sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) system is the only one of six nuclear systems being considered by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) that has reached a degree of maturity compatible with the construction of a prototype during the first half of the 21st century, France’s Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) has said. In a review of all six proposed Generation IV systems IRSN said even the construction of an SFR prototype will entail the completion of “key studies and technological developments”.


As Mochovce-3 Nears Completion, Slovakia Regains Its Nuclear Momentum
23.04.2015 NucNet News
Nicola Cotugno, general director of Slovakian utility Slovenské Elektrárne, talks to NucNet about progress with construction of the Mochove-3 and -4 reactors and the role nuclear plays in Slovakia’s energy security.

NucNet:
You are building two Russia-supplied VVER units at Mochovce (Mochovce-3 and -4). Can you update us on how construction is progressing?

NC: It is going well. We have settled some of the initial problems. When we started building these two reactors, we had to create a certain amount of momentum because it had been many years since a nuclear power station was built in the region. We had to find suppliers, industrial partners and to start working together. It was not easy because quality standards have increased dramatically in the last few years and it has now been about 15 years since our supply chain took part in a new-build project. Slovakian companies were involved in the construction of Temelín-1 and -2 in the Czech Republic, which began commercial operation in 2002 and 2003. Mochovce-3 is 92 percent complete and we are starting the commissioning of some systems. We are approaching the start-up phase, which can take about two years, and the unit will enter commercial operation in November 2016.


France’s IRSN Trains Chinese Experts In Emergency Management Software
23.04.2015 NucNet News
France’s Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) has trained five experts from the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Operations and Management Company in China in the use of IRSN emergency management software. The training was part of a 2014 contract for IRSN to install at Daya Bay versions of its Sesame emergency management software, which estimates actual or potential releases based on facility diagnostics, and its C3X software, which assesses the radiological impact of accidental releases.

Slovakia Implements Fukushima Lessons At Mochovce-3 And -4
23.04.2015 NucNet News
The construction of two Russia-supplied VVER reactor units at Mochovce in Slovakia will go beyond the original budget and schedule, but largely because lessons are being implemented from the Fukushima-Daiichi accident in Japan, Nicola Cotugno, general director of Slovakian utility Slovenské Elektrárne told NucNet. Mr Cotugno said the two units will cost a combined total of €4.6 billion ($4.9 billion). This is an increase in terms of the initial budget, but the project still in line with other projects around Europe in terms of cost and timeline, he said. “We also have to consider that the units use leading technology,” he said. “From the safety point of view, this will be a state-of-the-art power plant and include all the recommendations that followed the technical debate after the Fukushima-Daiichi accident.” The interview is online for NucNet subscribers: http://bit.ly/1Euw7yL

Mini Submarines Used To Recover Sellafield Medical Isotopes
22.04.2015 NucNet News
Mini submarines are being used to recover medical isotopes dating back to the 1950s from storage ponds at the Sellafield nuclear site in Cumbria, England. Sellafield Ltd said there are hundreds of different nuclear fuels and waste types in the historic storage ponds, including cobalt isotope cartridges produced for medical purposes such as lifesaving radiotherapy treatment and the sterilisation of medical supplies. The project will see hundreds of the cartridges retrieved from Sellafield’s pile fuel storage pond (PFSP) and first generation Magnox storage ponds (FGMSP), which are high priority legacy facilities. PFSP head Paul Nichol said there are about 800 of the cobalt cartridges.


EC Approves Russian Fuel Deal For Hungary’s Paks 2
22.04.2015 NucNet News
The European Commission (EC) has approved Hungary’s agreement with Russia for supplies of nuclear fuel for the planned Paks 2 nuclear power station. János Lázár, chief of staff to Hungary’s prime minister, said the EC has officially told Hungary that the Euratom Supply Agency – the body responsible for the secure supply of nuclear fuel in the EU – had approved the deal. He said all obstacles to the fuel supply contract had been removed. Under the agreed terms, Russia will supply nuclear fuel to the planned reactors at Paks 2 for 10 years. Hungary has four VVER-440 nuclear units in commercial operation at Paks, which are supplied with nuclear fuel from Russia. In June 2014, the Hungarian Parliament approved a €10 billion ($10.7 billion) loan agreement with Russia for the financing of two new VVER-1200 nuclear units for Paks.

Construction Of Emergency Air-Cooling System Complete At Finland’s Loviisa
21.04.2015 NucNet News
Fortum has completed construction of a unique new emergency air-cooling system at the twin-unit Loviisa nuclear power station in Finland, the company said today. The system, which is the first of its kind at a nuclear plant, includes two forced-air cooling towers per unit, which will be used for removing decay heat from the reactor and the spent fuel pools and cooling of other equipment critical to nuclear safety.

The system will provide cooling in extreme conditions when seawater becomes unavailable for cooling, for instance if there is as an oil catastrophe in the Gulf of Finland, or an exceptional natural phenomenon such as excessive algal bloom, Fortum said.


UK University Gets £3.5 Million Grant For Nuclear Materials Analysis
21.04.2015 NucNet News
A £3.5 million (€4.8m, $5.2m) grant by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the UK's main agency for funding research in engineering and the physical sciences, will enable the construction of an advanced new facility at the University of Huddersfield in northern England for the analysis of nuclear materials, ensuring the safety of the new generation of reactors, the university said in a statement. The grant is going to a research group headed by Professor Stephen Donnelly, who developed the existing facility named Miami – Microscope and Ion Accelerator for Materials Investigations. One of only two such facilities in Europe, Miami is a combined electron microscope and ion beam accelerator. It uses ion bombardment as a safe, non-radioactive means of simulating the effects of radiation damage on materials. Details: http://bit.ly/1zFB8Nx.

Second High Voltage Transformer For Iter Arrives In France
21.04.2015 NucNet News
The second of four high voltage transformers manufactured in South Korea has reached Marseille’s port of Fos-sur-Mer on its way to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) site in Cadarache, southern France, Iter said. The 87-tonne transformer was unloaded on 20 April 2015 and placed in storage, where it will remain until the remaining two transformers reach Fos next month. Workers at the Cadarache site are putting the finishing touches to the large concrete pit that will host the first transformer, which should be operational in the early months of 2016. The transformer will regulate voltage to 22 kilovolts and dispatch power to various plant systems.

South Ukraine-3 Back In Operation
17.04.2015 NucNet News
The South Ukraine-3 nuclear unit in Ukraine returned to normal operation on 15 April after it had shut down the previous day due to a valve malfunction on the secondary, non-nuclear side of the unit, station operator Energoatom said. The VVER-1000 unit was first forced to shut down on 11 April due to an electrical generator failure and the valve malfunction occurred during the restart procedures. Energoatom said the unit is now operating normally.

Convention On Supplementary Compensation For Nuclear Damage Enters Into Force
16.04.2015 NucNet News
The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) entered into force yesterday, the International Atomic Energy Agency said. The CSC aims at increasing the amount of compensation available in the event of a nuclear accident through public funds from contracting parties based on their installed nuclear capacity and rate of assessment determined by the United Nations General Assembly. The CSC stipulates that at least five signatory states with a minimum of 400,000 units of installed nuclear capacity have to deposit their instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with the IAEA before the CSC can enter into force. Japan’s deposit of its instrument of acceptance, on 15 January 2015, has now triggered the CSC’s entry into force. Apart from Japan, five other states have adhered to the CSC: Argentina, Morocco, Romania, the United Arab Emirates, and the US. The text of the CSC is online: http://bit.ly/1JMwFP2


NuGen To Begin Public Consultation On Moorside AP1000 Project
15.04.2015 NucNet News
The 10-week public consultation on NuGen’s proposed Moorside nuclear project in Cumbria, northwest England, will start on 16 May 2015. More than 20 consultation events will be held across Cumbria, the company said. The events will provide the first opportunity for members of the public to talk to an expert team about the plans, and record their views about the Moorside project – set to be Europe’s largest new nuclear development. NuGen, a joint venture between Toshiba and GDF Suez, is planning to build three Westinghouse AP1000 reactor units at Moorside. Details of the consultation are online: www.nugenconsultation.com.

Turkey And Russia Mark Start Of Construction At Akkuyu
15.04.2015 NucNet News
Turkish energy minister Taner Yıldız and Sergei Kiriyenko, head of Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom, attended a ceremony to lay the foundation stone for construction of Turkey’s first nuclear station in Akkuyu in the southern province of Mersin, Turkish media reported. Turkey is planning to build four Russia-supplied VVER reactor units at Akkuyu. Turkey has two nuclear stations in development – Akkuyu in cooperation with Rosatom and Sinop with an Areva-Mitsubishi Heavy Industries joint venture. The government has expressed interest in a third nuclear station.

Areva Considers Consolidation Of German Operations
15.04.2015 NucNet News
Areva GmbH is considering the relocation of its engineering and development activities in Offenbach, Germany, to manufacturing and testing facilities in Erlangen and Karlstein, the company’s supervisory board said in a statement. The company wants to relocate 700 employees to the two sites in Germany by mid-2016 at the latest, the statement said. The objective is to improve cooperation between teams and provide structural savings, it said.


South Ukraine-3 Shutdown Not Related To Westinghouse Fuel, Energoatom Says
14.04.2015 NucNet News
The shutdown of the South Ukraine-3 nuclear unit on 11 April 2015 was not related to the nuclear fuel provided by Westinghouse and recently loaded into the reactor, station operator Energoatom said. The VVER-1000 unit’s power output was reduced to 10 percent after an electrical generator failure caused the automatic generator protection system to disable the unit. After repairs, the unit was connected to the grid on 13 April 2015, but had to shut down early on 14 April 2015 due to the malfunction of a valve connected to the turbine. Energoatom said in both cases the equipment failure did not cause a violation of the terms and limits of safe operation.


Skills Gap In Radiation Protection In Sweden, Says Regulator
09.04.2015 NucNet News
There is a shortage of skilled labour in radiation protection in Sweden, a report released today by the Swedish Radiation Protection Agency (SSM) says. The report says there are skills gaps of varying types among licensees, universities and within SSM itself. Johan Friberg, head of the radiation protection department at SSM, said to address the skills gap, SSM is proposing the creation of online courses in radiation protection to be offered to organisations which apply to SSM for licences. SSM also said radiation protection research is fragmented and often carried out by small groups with limited funding. “We believe that SSM’s research needs to be strengthened by about 15 million Swedish krona (about €1.6 million),” he said. SSM called for “long-term efforts” to establish research networks.

Emergency Tanks For Tritiated Water Arrive At Iter Site
07.04.2015 NucNet News
Two emergency tanks that will collect tritiated water in the event of an abnormal situation during operation of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) have been delivered to the Iter site in Cadarache, southern France, an Iter statement said. The two tanks, each of which weighs 20 tonnes and has a capacity of 100 cubic metres, were manufactured by Spanish company Ensa, which produces nuclear components. They will be the first safety important components to be installed in the tokamak complex.

New Qualification Tests Under Way For Flamanville-3 RPV
07.04.2015 NucNet News
A new round of qualification tests are under way on the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) head and base of the EPR being built at Flamanville in northern France, Areva and EDF have told France’s regulator. The tests follow earlier chemical and mechanical tests on a representative model of the RPV which showed that one area had greater than average carbon content, meaning it did not meet manufacturing criteria. Areva and EDF said their teams are working to perform the additional tests “as soon as possible” while construction work continues. Construction of Flamanville-3 began in 2007 and it is expected to become operational in 2017.

Human Resources A Major Issue For France’s Regulator, Says IAEA
07.04.2015 NucNet News
Sustained government support will be needed to ensure human resources are available for France’s nuclear regulator to carry out its mandate as its workload increases, an International Atomic Energy Agency integrated regulatory review service (IRRS) team says in a report made public today. The report follows a 12-day review mission to the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) in November 2014.
It says ASN’s workload is set to increase because it needs to reinforce the safety of existing nuclear facilities and the monitoring of ageing reactors, in addition to the commissioning of the new EPR reactor at Flamanville, northern France.


MPs Pass Legislation On UK Geologic Repository Site Selection
06.04.2015 NucNet News
Members of Parliament in the UK have approved legislation that makes potential sites for a deep geologic repository for the long-term management of higher-activity nuclear waste “nationally significant infrastructure projects” that will be chosen by the secretary of state for energy. According to press reports the secretary of state would get advice from the planning inspectorate, but would not be bound by the recommendation. Local councils and communities can object to details of the development but cannot stop it altogether.

South Ukraine-3 Back Online With Westinghouse Fuel Reload
02.04.2015 NucNet News
The South Ukraine-3 nuclear unit has been reconnected to the grid with a reload of Westinghouse fuel after a scheduled maintenance outage that lasted 116 days, state utility and nuclear operator Energoatom said. The Russian VVER-1000 reactor unit had been offline for “serious modernisation” and had been scheduled to restart on 5 April 2015. Forty-two Westinghouse fuel assemblies, delivered to South Ukraine in November 2014, were loaded into Unit 3. In June 2010, Energoatom signed a long-term fuel supply contract with Russia’s TVEL for its nuclear reactor fleet. However, in April 2014, as a result of political tensions between Ukraine and Russia, Energoatom and Westinghouse revised a 2008 fuel supply agreement to run until 2020.


Turkey Ratifies Agreement With Japan For Sinop Nuclear Station
02.04.2015 NucNet News
Turkey’s parliament yesterday ratified an agreement with Japan for the construction of Turkey’s second planned nuclear station, in the northern province of Sinop on the Black Sea coast, press reports said. The station is to be developed by a consortium in which Turkey’s state power generator EUAS will have a 35 percent stake and the remaining 65 percent will be shared among Japanese partners Mitsubishi and Itochu, and French partners Areva and GDF Suez. The station will have four Atmea-1 reactors developed by a consortium of Mitsubishi and Areva.


Scientific Consensus Shows RPV Flaws Not Linked To Operation, Says Electrabel
01.04.2015 NucNet News
There is a scientific consensus that flaws in the reactor pressure vessels of the Doel-3 and Tihange-2 nuclear units in Belgium were formed 40 years ago and do not grow as a result of operating the units, operator Electrabel has said in a document submitted to Belgium’s parliament.

Construction Of Port Infrastructure To Begin For Turkey’s Akkuyu, Say Reports
01.04.2015 NucNet News
Construction of port infrastructure for the Akkuyu nuclear power station on Turkey’s Mediterranean coast is expected to begin this month, press reports said. Turkey has two nuclear stations in development – Akkuyu in cooperation with Russia’s Rosatom and Sinop with an Areva-Mitsubishi Heavy Industries joint venture. The government has expressed interest in a third nuclear station.

‘Substantial Funding Gap’ Remains For Chernobyl Work, Says EBRD
31.03.2015 NucNet News
There remains “a substantial funding gap” of €100 million ($106 million) for the project to transform the Chernobyl nuclear power station into a safe and secure state, said the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), which is administering the Chernobyl decommissioning fund.

Turkey Must Develop Comprehensive Policies On Nuclear Station Security, Says Study
31.03.2015 NucNet News
Turkey faces a number of unique security threats that it will have to contend with as it continues to develop nuclear power and “comprehensive policies” are needed to protect the country’s future nuclear power stations and related infrastructure, a study by an independent think tank said.


EC And Hungary Agree On Paks 2 Nuclear Fuel Supply
31.03.2015 NucNet News
The European Commission and Hungary agreed that Russia can supply nuclear fuel for the planned Paks 2 nuclear station, a statement on the Hungarian prime minister's website said.


Innovative Smart Grids Essential For Energy Union, Says Cañete
31.03.2015 NucNet News
 
Innovative smart grids are central to the vision of a European energy union, but there are regulatory, technological, financial and organisational hurdles that need to be overcome, Miguel Arias Cañete, commissioner for climate action and energy said in a speech in Brussels today. Mr Cañete said smart grids allow energy to keep flowing where and when it’s needed, and can keep infrastructure costs and household energy bills down. “We know smart grids work,” he said. “We have seen that they can reduce the infrastructure capacity needed to meet demand by up to 30 percent.” The speech is online: http://bit.ly/1G3kfDJ

Sellafield Will Be Priority For Many Years To Come, Says UK Regulator
31.03.2015 NucNet News
Hazard reduction and remediation at the UK’s Sellafield nuclear site is the priority for the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) and will continue to be so for many years to come, the ONR has said in its annual plan for 2015-2016.
The ONR said Sellafield, in Cumbria, northwest England, is one of Europe’s largest industrial complexes, storing more radioactive material in one place than any other nuclear facility in the world.

Belgian’s Support Nuclear As Part Of Energy Mix, Poll Shows
30.03.2015 NucNet News
More than 60 percent of Belgians support nuclear as part of the country’s energy mlix, with 75 percent saying they favour a combination of nuclear and renewable sources, a poll shows.
The poll, published today by the Brussels-based Belgian Nuclear Forum (BNF), says 63 percent of Belgians favour nuclear. It says 51 percent agree with the government’s decision that the Doel-1 and -2 nuclear units near Antwerp should receive a lifetime extension.

Interview: Why The Risks of Nuclear Are ‘Greatly Exaggerated’
30.03.2015 NucNet News
Environmentalist Bruno Comby, founder of the lobby group Environmentalists For Nuclear, says the anti-nuclear lobby has transformed a very safe energy source into a huge problem by distorting reality. He spoke to NucNet about risk, the need for revised radiation regulations, and the ‘problem’ of nuclear waste.

Iter Fails EP Budget Test
26.03.2015 NucNet News
 
The European Parliament (EP) Budgetary Control committee has criticised the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (Iter) project on the implementation of its budget in 2013 and the project has failed the first round of budget tests, the EP said.
Iter is one of four EU partnerships with private companies or ‘joint undertakings’ which failed the first round of budget control tests, known as ‘discharge tests’, because they did not convince the EP that funds had been managed appropriately.


Westinghouse To Provide End-of-life Services For German Nuclear Reactors
26.03.2015 NucNet News
Westinghouse Electric company has signed an agreement with global infrastructure group Hochtief to provide decommissioning, decontamination and remediation services for German nuclear power stations as they approach the end of their operational lifetime, Westinghouse said. According to the agreement, Westinghouse will provide nuclear expertise in decommissioning, decontamination, remediation, segmentation and waste-handling, and Hochtief will bring in know-how in licensing, civil engineering and construction of interim storage. Eight German nuclear reactors were permanently shut down in March 2011 after the accident at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power station, and 17 are planned to be phased out by 2022 as part of Germany’s ‘Energy Transition’ policy.


EC And Hungary Agree On Paks 2 Nuclear Fuel Supply
23.03.2015 NucNet News
 
The European Commission (EC) and the government of Hungary have agreed on the contract for the supply of nuclear fuel for the planned Paks 2 nuclear station, a statement from the Hungarian prime minister's website says.
János Lázár, chief of staff to Hungary’s prime minister, said all obstacles to the fuel supply contract for the Paks 2 station had been removed.
Hungarian government officials held negotiations with the Euratom Supply Agency (ESA), the body responsible for the secure supply of nuclear fuel in the EU and for approving the contract, in Luxembourg on 24 March, at which the parties succeeded in resolving “all open issues,” the statement said.


UK Government Announces New Nuclear College
23.03.2015 NucNet News
The government and nuclear industry employers in the UK have established a new National College for Nuclear, a government statement said. The statement said that the college, which will initially be located in Cumbria in northern England and Somerset in western England, will provide a reactor simulator and virtual reality engineering facilities. The two employers leading the industry side of the initiative are EDF Energy and the state-owned Sellafield Ltd. The statement said funding for the college would come from £80 million (€109 million) for seven new national colleges for industry already set aside by the government.

First Radioactive Sludge Removed From Sellafield Magnox Storage Pond
23.03.2015 NucNet News
The first radioactive sludge has been removed from the First Generation Magnox Storage Pond at the Sellafield site in northwest England, site management company Sellafield Ltd said. The pond dates back to the 1950s and was built to store, cool and prepare used Magnox nuclear fuel for recycling into new fuel. The pond urgently needs to be emptied of 1,500 cubic metres of radioactive sludge lying at the bottom of the pond, Sellafield Ltd said. The sludge was pumped to a new £240 million (€328 million) sludge storage plant. The sludge is a similar consistency to sand and has to be carefully removed while leaving the water in place to provide a radioactive shield for nuclear fuel stored in the pond. Its retrieval will enable the remaining radioactive inventory to be progressively removed to reduce the hazard posed by the facility, Sellafield Ltd said.

Consultation Continues On South Ukraine-2 Life Extension
23.03.2015 NucNet News
Ukraine has begun what it called the “active” phase of public consultation into a possible life extension for the South Ukraine-2 reactor unit, state nuclear operator Energoatom said. The 950-megawatt VVER V-338 unit began commercial operation in April 1985. The South Ukraine nuclear station has three commercially operational Russian-built 950-megawatt VVER-1000 reactor units. Ukraine has 15 nuclear reactor units in commercial operation, all VVERs.

UK Tidal Lagoon Project ‘In Line For Bigger Subsidies Than Hinkley Point’
18.03.2015 NucNet News
The company behind plans to build the world’s first tidal lagoon to generate energy is asking for a subsidy of about £168 per megawatt hour – compared with the £92.50 agreed for the Hinkley Point C nuclear project, media reports said. Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay, which wants to build a tidal lagoon with a generating capacity of 320 megawatts near Swansea, south Wales, is to begin negotiations with the government over subsidies similar to the “contracts for difference” used on the planned Hinkley Point C, UK Chancellor George Osborne confirmed today. The Guardian newspaper said: “The final cost will depend on a range of factors, but proponents appear to have convinced the Department of Energy and Climate Change that if they can successfully build a prototype in south Wales, they will be able to roll out the concept much more cheaply at other locations.”


‘Substantial Funding Gap’ Remains For Chernobyl Work, Says EBRD
17.03.2015 NucNet News
There remains “a substantial funding gap” of €100 million ($106 million) for the project to transform the Chernobyl nuclear power station into a safe and secure state, said the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), which is administering the Chernobyl decommissioning fund.
EBRD member countries have committed €350 million from the Bank’s reserves in anticipation of a €165 million contribution from the G7/EC, the EBRD said in a statement.
The total cost of the Shelter Implementation Plan, which sets out a roadmap for cleanup and decommissioning work at Chernobyl, is estimated at €2.15 billion, with a new safe confinement structure alone costing €1.5 billion.

Spanish Consortium Wins Krško Modernisation Contract
16.03.2015 NucNet News

A consortium formed by Spanish companies Tecnatom and Idom has been awarded a contract for the supply of the emergency control room for the single-unit Slovenian nuclear power station Krško, Tecnatom said. The contract is part of the second phase of modernisation and safety improvement at the Krško station aiming to bring it up to European standards. Tecnatom is also engaged in the inspection of the control rods of the unit. Krško is a 632-megawatt Westinghouse pressurised water reactor which began commercial operation in 1983.

We Are Not Blocking Construction Of Hungary’s Paks 2, Says EC
16.03.2015 NucNet News
The European Commission (EC) is not blocking a deal between Hungary and Russia for the construction of the Paks 2 nuclear power station, Anna-Kaisa Itkonen, spokesperson for the EC’s directorate-general for energy, said today.
Ms Itkonen said the EC had received a referral for a decision from the Euratom Supply Agency (ESA), the body responsible for the secure supply of nuclear fuel in the EU, on the contract for fuel deliveries from Russia to the planned station.

Turkey Must Develop Comprehensive Policies On Nuclear Station Security, Says Study
16.03.2015 NucNet News
Turkey faces a number of unique security threats that it will have to contend with as it continues to develop nuclear power and “comprehensive policies” are needed to protect the country’s future nuclear power stations and related infrastructure, a study by an independent think tank says.

Ukraine Reports Highest Share Of Nuclear In Electricity Production In 10 Years
13.03.2015 NucNet News
Nuclear energy produced 48.6 percent of Ukraine’s electricity in 2014, the highest share in the past 10 years, nuclear operator Energoatom said.
Energoatom said in 2014 it produced 2,800 gigawatt-hours more electricity than in 2013, mainly due to a reduction in the time Ukraine’s 15 nuclear power reactors were offline for scheduled maintenance to 86.75 days.


GMF NEWS


An EU-project called BRILLIANT starts in Oskarshamn
12.03.2015 - GMF


The project BRILLIANT (Baltic Region Initiative for Long Lasting Innovative Nuclear Technologies) is a collaboration between universities around the Baltic Sea. The goal of the project is to study the long-term sustainable development within nuclear technology. The project is funded by EURATOM. Oskarshamn Municipality, through Nova R & D, is a subcontractor to the project. An important part of the project is to make visits in Oskarshamn, to share knowledge and experiences in our community and plan for how this can be used at other locations around the Baltic Sea. When other countries are planning new nuclear power plants, thinking about the repository and communication with the public, they often look at Oskarshamn.
This project is a step towards realizing our strategy to make Oskarshamn to a Baltic / European Centre for the development of expertise in the nuclear field. One active part is the professor in Reactor Physics Waclaw Gudowski at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm (originally from Poland).
 
You can get more information of BRILLIANT project here


 



UK Publishes ‘Revised Resolution Plans’ For AP1000 Design Assessment
12.03.2015 NucNet News
The UK’s Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) and the Environment Agency today published revised resolution plans in response to 51 outstanding generic design assessement (GDA) issues for the Westinghouse AP1000 reactor design. The 51 issues will need to be resolved before the ONR and Environment Agency can make a decision on whether to approve the AP1000 design. Westinghouse is aiming to complete the GDA in early 2017, but this will be dependent on the timely delivery of high quality documentation for regulatory assessment, the ONR said. Last year NuGeneration Limited (NuGen) announced plans to build three AP1000 units at its Moorside site in Cumbria, northwest England. Details: http://bit.ly/1C8siwE

With Nuclear Shutdowns Looming, Swiss Utility Establishes Decommissioning Company

10.03.2015 NucNet News
Swiss utility Alpiq has established a decommissioning company for the post-operation and dismantling of nuclear installations, as well as for radiation protection and decontamination, a statement said.
With Switzerland due to shut down its commercial nuclear reactors and prevent the building of new ones, Swiss Decommissioning AG, with headquarters in Olten, west of Zurich, is being established to “seize new opportunities” in the power plant business, the statement said.

TVO Announces 42 Redundancies As Part Of Restructuring
09.03.2015 NucNet News 
Forty-two members of staff will be made redundant at Finnish utility Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO), which owns and operates the Olkiluoto nuclear power station, with a significant number of those “through voluntary arrangements”, a statement said. The statement said the redundancies will include 21 senior employees. TVO said in January 2015 that it is to restructure its operations in an effort to find savings of €15 million a year, saying it is coming under pressure from subsidised energy sources.

‘No Agreement’ For Westinghouse To Supply Fuel For Hungary’s Paks
05.03.2015 NucNet News
Westinghouse has not reached any agreement to supply nuclear fuel to existing or future reactors at the Paks nuclear power station in Hungary, a spokesman told NucNet. Responding to press reports that Westinghouse might provide fuel for two new reactors planned at the site, the spokesman said Westinghouse had not had any discussions or negotiations with representatives of Paks nuclear station, station owner MVM, the Hungarian government or Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom to supply such fuel. Earlier this year Rosatom said it would start construction of two new units at Paks in the spring of 2015.


Lessons Have Been Learned From EPR Projects, Says EDF Energy CEO
05.03.2015 NucNet News
Lessons from “other projects” such as the Flamanville-3 EPR under construction in France have been learned and will be implemented at Hinkley Point C in the UK, Vincent de Rivaz, chief executive officer of utility EDF Energy said today. The company has implemented new project management and coordination measures including more than seven million engineering hours to make sure Hinkley Point C will be implemented. “The difficulties experienced at Flamanville-3 should not happen again,” Mr de Rivaz said. Philippe Samama, vice-president for reactors and services at reactor supplier Areva, said the company has been able to incorporate more than 2,500 pieces of experienced feedback from the four EPR projects under construction. For example, this has reduced the manufacturing time of steam generators from five years for Olkiluoto-3 in Finland to three years for Taishan-1 in China, he said.

German Energy Cooperative Takes Legal Action Over Hinkley Point ‘State Aid’
04.03.2015 NucNet News
A German energy cooperative will take legal action against the European Commission for approving state aid for the planned Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant in the UK, arguing it threatens to distort competition. “Highly subsided nuclear power from this plant will noticeably distort European competitiveness,” said Soenke Tangermann, managing director of Greenpeace Energy, which describes itself as Germany’s largest national independent energy cooperative. “This effect will have economic disadvantages for committed green power providers like us, and that’s why we are going to court.” Greenpeace Energy said in a statement on its website that state aid for Hinkley Point C would amount to around €22 billion. The subsidy is far higher than that for wind or solar power in Germany, the statement said.

Sellafield Cleanup Costs Rise To £53 Billion, Says NAO
04.03.2015 NucNet News
The cost of decommissioning and cleaning up the Sellafield nuclear site in Cumbria, northwest England, has increased by £5 billion to £53 billion, says the National Audit Office. Margaret Hodge MP, chairwoman of the Public Accounts Committee, which commissioned the report, said the cost increase was “astonishing”. A year ago, the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, the body responsible for the cleanup, said the cost would be £48 billion. The NAO report is online: http://bit.ly/1M6vjAr

Areva To Refocus On ‘Key Nuclear Processes’ After Confirming Record Net Loss
04.03.2015 NucNet News
French nuclear group Areva says it will refocus on its core business of “key nuclear processes essential to operators around the globe” after confirming a record net loss today of €4.83 billion for 2014.
The company, which is 87 percent owned by the French government, said the scale of the net loss illustrates the challenges it faces, which include continuing stagnation of nuclear operations, lack of competitiveness and difficulties in managing the risks inherent in large projects.


UK Minister Confirms Commitment To New Nuclear
03.03.2015 NucNet News
UK minister of state for energy Matt Hancock has confirmed “in unequivocal terms” the government’s commitment to a new fleet of nuclear power stations and emphasised the important role nuclear power plays in strengthening the UK’s energy security and cutting its greenhouse gas emissions. Mr Hancock made his comments in a speech at the official launch of New Nuclear Watch Europe, an interest group founded by the chairman of the House of Commons’ Energy and Climate Change Committee, Tim Yeo. Mr Yeo said: “We must ensure that UK supply chain companies and the skills sector capitalise fully from a nuclear revival.”
Slovakia’s Regulator Has Made Significant Progress, Says IAEA
02.03.2015 NucNet News
Slovakia’s Nuclear Regulatory Authority has strengthened its regulatory oversight and made “significant progress” since 2012, but must make further efforts to improve cooperation among state authorities in the area of radiation safety, an International Atomic Energy Agency review team has said.

Approval For Transfer of Fukushima Soil To Provisional Site
02.03.2015 NucNet News
The governor of Japan’s Fukushima prefecture has approved the transfer of radioactive soil to a provisional site, part of a planned interim storage facility, saying the soil should be moved as soon as possible to accelerate the process of decontamination in the prefecture. The Japan Atomic Industrial Forum said the transfer had also been approved by local authorities where the interim storage facility is under construction. The facility is for radioactive soil and waste generated from decontamination work at Fukushima-Daiichi.

EC Vows To Continue Support For Nuclear Research Under Plans For Energy Union
02.03.2015 NucNet News
The European Commission (EC) will continue its support for research and innovation in nuclear energy as part of the proposed European Energy Union, details of which were announced on 25 February 2015
The Energy Union Package, which outlines proposals for the Energy Union, said the EU should be at the forefront of the world’s “safest nuclear generation”.
The four main priorities of the Energy Union include developing renewable energy technologies, smart grids, energy efficiency and a more sustainable transport system.


Hungary’s Paks Joins Electric Power Research Institute Programme
27.02.2015 - NucNet News

Hungary’s Paks nuclear power station has joined the US Electric Power Research Institute’s (EPRI) nuclear research programme, EPRI said. The membership will enable Paks to access EPRI’s research results and technical guidance. Paks nuclear station has four commercially operational VVER-440 nuclear units. Units 1 and 2 received a 20-year lifetime extension licence in 2012 and 2014.


Europe Has ‘Solid Basis’ For Low-Carbon Transition, Says Westinghouse President
26.02.2015 - NucNet News
Europe has a solid basis for its planned transition to a low-carbon society, producing 790 Mtoe (one million tonnes of oil equivalent), or nearly half of its own energy consumption in the EU, Yves Brachet, Westinghouse president for Europe, Middle East and Africa said in response to proposals for a European Energy Union published yesterday by the European Commission.


Inspection At Ukraine Plants Finds No Threat After Bomb Scare
26.02.2015 - NucNet News

Military and security personnel at the Zaporozhye and Chernobyl nuclear power stations conducted a thorough inspection and found no external objects or persons after an anonymous threat said there were mines placed on the two sites, the State Nuclear Inspectorate of Ukraine said. The threat was made on 24 February and the two power stations have implemented enhanced security measures and patrols on the sites. There are six commercially operational nuclear units at Zaporozhye and four permanently shut down units at Chernobyl.


Accident Monitoring Systems Need To Be Re-evaluated, Says IAEA
26.02.2015 - NucNet News
During the Fukushima-Daiichi accident in March 2011 the instrumentation provided for accident monitoring proved to be ineffective and existing strategies for accident monitoring, developed before the accident, need to be re-evaluated, the International Atomic Energy Agency says in a new publication.


EC Vows To Continue Support For Nuclear Research Under Plans For Energy Union
25.02.2015 - NucNet News

The European Commission (EC) will continue its support for research and innovation in nuclear energy as part of the proposed European Energy Union, details of which were announced today.
The Energy Union Package, which outlines proposals for the Energy Union, says the EU should be at the forefront of the world’s “safest nuclear generation”.


Renewable Subsidies Undermining Profitability Of Nuclear In Finland, Says TVO

25.02.2015 - NucNet News

Subsidised investments in renewable energy have led to an increase in electricity supply which, combined with increased costs, has undermined the profitability of nuclear power-produced electricity in Finland, Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO) said in financial statements published today.
TVO, which owns and operates the two-unit Olkiluoto nuclear power station and is building Olkiluoto-3, said the market price of electricity has decreased. Meanwhile, cost increases have resulted from TVO being asked to contribute more to Finland’s nuclear waste fund and having to implement increased and improved security measures at Olkiluoto.


Energy Minister Hints At Overhaul For France’s Nuclear Sector
24.02.2015 - NucNet News

France’s energy minister said yesterday that an overhaul of the country’s state-controlled nuclear energy industry was imminent, after Areva said in a preliminary statement that it expected a 2014 net loss of about €4.9 billion ($5.6 billion) compared with a loss of €500 million a year earlier.
The minister, Ségolène Royal, said France’s main nuclear power companies “should organise themselves to refocus on their core business, to forge alliances between major French enterprises and to win bids at the international level”.


Political And Public Support Brings Progress At Finland’s Hanhikivi
20.02.2015 - NucNet News

Finland utility Fennovoima is building the Hanhikivi-1 nuclear plant, which will be based on Russia’s AES-2006 Generation III+ pressurised water reactor design. The company’s chief executive, Toni Hemminki, spoke to NucNet about progress, public support and the importance of Russian knowhow.


UK Organisations Join Forces On Nuclear Training
20.02.2015 - NucNet News

The UK’s Nuclear Institute and the Engineering Construction Industry Training Board have signed a memorandum of understanding that will “establish the basis” for collaboration on education, skills and training. A statement said the MoU covers “a number of key activities” including strategies to attract, develop and qualify new entrants, as well as the training of current employees.


Two Million Litres Of Liquid Waste Pumped From Sellafield Store
20.02.2015 - 
NucNet News

Two million litres of liquid has been pumped out of Sellafield’s Magnox Swarf Storage Silo (MSSS), one of the world’s oldest nuclear waste stores, a statement said. This means Sellafield Ltd has halved the radioactive content of some of its historic liquid nuclear waste, significantly reducing the potential hazard posed by the 50-year-old MSSS. Constructed in the 1960s, the MSSS was key to supporting Magnox nuclear power generation in the UK. Spent fuel from plants around the UK was sent to Sellafield, in northwest England, so it could be recycled in the Magnox reprocessing plant.


UK Regulators Declare Sizewell A Fuel-Free
19.02.2015
 - NucNet News

UK regulators have confirmed that Sizewell A is completely fuel-free with 99 percent of the radioactive hazard now removed from the former nuclear station in Suffolk, eastern England. Sizewell A’s two Magnox gas-cooled reactors operated from 1966 until 2006. Defuelling began in 2009, with fuel removed from the reactors placed in the site’s used fuel storage ponds before being packaged in transport containers for shipment to the Sellafield complex for reprocessing. A Sizewell spokesman said confirmation of the reduction in hazard allows the site to move “a step further into decommissioning activities and towards the point of closure”.


Eight EU States Ask For Recognition Of Nuclear In Energy Union Policy
19.02.2015
 - NucNet News
Ministers responsible for energy in eight EU member states have written to the European Commission asking for a forthcoming action plan on EU energy policy to include nuclear power alongside other low-carbon technologies.
The ministers of Romania, France, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and the UK urged the EC to ensure that the Communication on Energy Union, due to be published on 25 February 2015, includes “a package of initiatives to develop a supportive EU framework for safe and sustainable nuclear power”.


Romania’s Nuclearelectrica Pays €20 Million In ‘Special Constructions Tax’
18.02.2015 - NucNet News

State-owned Nuclearelectrica, which operates Romania’s two nuclear reactors at the Cernavodă nuclear station, paid €20 million for a “special constructions tax” in 2014, the first time the tax has been payable after it was introduced by the government in January 2014.


Fukushima-Daiichi Situation Remains ‘Very Complex’, Says IAEA Team
18.02.2015
 - NucNet News
The situation at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear station in Japan remains “very complex”, with the increasing amount of contaminated water posing a short-term challenge and the need to remove highly radioactive spent fuel from the reactors that suffered meltdowns “a huge long-term challenge”, the International Atomic Energy Agency has said.


More Flaws Discovered On Belgium’s Doel-3 And Tihange-2 RPVs

17.02.2015 - NucNet News

Electrabel, the owner and operator of Belgium’s Doel-3 and Tihange-2 nuclear units, has discovered more flaws on the units’ reactor pressure vessels (RPVs), the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc) has said.
After the latest round of testing, Electrabel discovered that Doel-3’s RPV has 13,047 hydrogen-induced flaws instead of the 8,000 which were previously identified.
Tihange-2 has 3,149 flaws instead of the previously reported 2,000.


Regulator Supports Plans For Finland Repository
13.02.2015 - NucNet News

Finland's radiation and nuclear safety authority (STUK) has supported waste management company Posiva’s application to build a final repository and waste encapsulation plant, saying the facility “can be built to be safe”. The Finnish government must still decide whether a construction licence for the repository can be issued. The planned repository, in Olkiluoto on Finland’s southwest coast, will hold spent nuclear fuel from nuclear reactors operated by Posiva’s owners, Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO) and Fortum. Those reactors are Loviisa-1 and -2, Olkiluoto-1 and -2, Olkiluoto-3, which is under construction, and the proposed Olkiluoto-4.


Fatih Birol Confirmed As Next Executive Director Of IEA
13.02.2015 - NucNet News
The governing board of the Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) has confirmed the appointment of Fatih Birol as the next executive director of the agency. He will succeed Maria van der Hoeven, who will complete her four-year term on 31 August 2015. Dr. Birol, a Turkish citizen, joined the IEA in 1995 and has risen to hold the positions of chief economist and director of global energy economics. He is also founder and chairman of the IEA Energy Business Council, which provides a forum to improve cooperation between the energy industry and energy policy makers.


Discussions Continue As Electrabel Prepares To Shut Doel-1 On Sunday
13.02.2015 - NucNet News

Electrabel's Doel-1 will be shut on Sunday evening, 15 February 2015, to comply with a law requiring it be closed after 40 years of operation, the Belgian company said in a statement. The statement said, however, that the minister of energy and Electrabel and its owner GDF Suez are continuing discussions on possible lifetime extensions for Doel-1 and -2. “Electrabel participates constructively in these discussions while recalling the need to define a clear legal and economic framework to consider investing 600 to 700 million euros [about $684-798 million] needed for the extension of Doel-1’s operating life,” the statement said. Doel-1 is the first Belgian nuclear plant to complete 40 years of operation, the statement said. Belgium’s coalition government agreed earlier this month to extend the lifespan of Doel-1 and -2 by 10 years until 2025, providing terms can be agreed with GDF Suez.


Industry’s Focus On Benefits Of Nuclear ‘Creates Public Distrust’
12.02.2015 - NucNet News
The Eagle Project, aimed at identifying and disseminating good practices in information and communications about ionising radiation, has been carrying out public opinion polls in Europe. NucNet spoke to Geneviève Baumont, senior expert member of the French Expert Commission, and Marie-Hélène Eljammal, co-writer of a French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) report on one of the polls, about the results.


Failure Of Swiss Safety Initiative Blamed on ‘Politically Motivated Resistance’
10.02.2015 - NucNet News

A Swiss-led initiative to further strengthen global nuclear safety by amending an international treaty has failed because of “politically motivated resistance” by some nations, Switzerland’s chief nuclear regulator has said.


IAEA Begins Fukushima Decommissioning Mission
10.02.2015 - NucNet News
Decommissioning experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) yesterday began a further nine-day mission to review plans and work to decommission Japan’s Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power station. The mission, which comes at the request of the Japanese government, will provide advice on safety and technological aspects of decommissioning, waste management and other related activities, as well as on the planning and implementation of decommissioning and pre-decommissioning work


South Ukraine-3 To Restart With Westinghouse Fuel In April, Says Regulator
10.02.2015 - NucNet News

A new delivery of Westinghouse fuel has arrived at the South Ukraine nuclear power station and will be loaded into Unit 3 during the first quarter of 2015, the chairman of Ukraine’s State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate (SNRC) has said.


Nuclear Accounted For Largest Share Of EU Energy Production In 2013, Says Eurostat
10.02.2015 - NucNet News

Nuclear energy accounted for the largest share of European Union domestic production of primary energy in 2013 with 29 percent, ahead of renewables (24 percent), solid fuels (20 percent), gas (17 percent), oil (nine percent) and non-renewable wastes (one percent), a statement released yesterday by the EU’s statistical office Eurostat said.


Nuclear Energy Will Not Be Affected By EU-US Trade Deal, Says Report
06.02.2015 - NucNet News

Trade in products related to nuclear energy will not be affected by the proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) trade agreement being negotiated between the European Union and the US, a European Parliament report says.


German Nuclear Fuel Tax Not Against EU Law, Says Preliminary Court Opinion
04.02.2015 - NucNet News

A German nuclear fuel tax on utilities that will be used to pay for decommissioning reactors in the country is legal and nuclear fuel can be taxed as an energy product without giving non-nuclear electricity producers an unfair advantage, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has said in a non-binding preliminary opinion.


Plant-Based Molecule ‘May Be Key’ To Fukushima Cleanup, Say Scientists
03.02.2015 - NucNet News
A team of scientists from Japan and the US say they may have discovered a way to remove radioactive caesium from the millions of litres of contaminated water being held at Japan’s Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power station following the 2011 accident.


Swedish Regulator Approves Oskarshamn-2 Safety Report
02.02.2015 - NucNet News

Sweden’s Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) has approved the renewed safety analysis report for the Oskarshamn-2 boiling water reactor unit, SSM said. The approval of the report allows operator OKG to begin trial operation of the unit, which is undergoing a lifetime extension and power uprate outage. SSM’s decision includes a list of 23 shortcomings that need to be addressed and reported on in the final safety report. Oskarshamn-2 became commercially operational in 1975.


Ukraine Issues Licence For Processing Liquid Radioactive Waste
02.02.2015 - NucNet News

The State Nuclear Inspectorate of Ukraine (SNRIU) has issued a licence for the operation of the plant for processing of liquid radioactive waste to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, SNRIU said. The licence allows Chernobyl’s staff to operate the liquid radioactive waste treatment plant on the site until the completion of the decommissioning works. There are four permanently shut down reactors at Chernobyl which are being decommissioned.


30.01.2015 - NucNet News

EDF Signs Agreement With China’s CGN
France’s EDF has signed an agreement with China General Nuclear Power Group (CGN), to share expertise in plant operation and engineering support for existing nuclear fleets, EDF said. The aim is to “maintain consistency between French and Chinese procedures and standards” and preserve the highest safety levels, the French state-controlled company said.


29.01.2015 - NucNet News
IEA/NEA Roadmap Calls For Nuclear Capacity To Double By 2050
Global nuclear capacity must more than double by 2050, with nuclear supplying 17 percent of the world’s electricity generation, to meet the International Energy Agency ‘2 Degree Scenario’ for the most effective and efficient means of limiting global temperature rise to the internationally agreed maximum, a roadmap written by the IEA and the Nuclear Energy Agency says.


27.01.2015 - NucNet News
Catalonia Signs Updated Safety Agreement With Nuclear Stations

Catalonia’s government and the Asociacion Nuclear Asco-Vandellos, operator of the Asco and Vandellos nuclear stations, both in Catalonia, have signed an agreement to update a regional safety plan for nuclear power stations. The new agreement is a revision of one that came into force in 1991. It provides for better coordination among fire services and calls for advances in training in nuclear and radiological risks. A commission will be set up to ensure the agreement’s implementation, a statement from industry group Foro Nuclear said.


27.01.2015 - NucNet News
Ukraine Relaunches Plans For Spent Fuel Storage Facility At Chernobyl

Ukrainian state nuclear power company Energoatom and Holtec signed a contract to relaunch plans to develop a central spent fuel storage facility for VVER reactor fuel in the Chernobyl nuclear station exclusion zone, the companies said in separate statements.


26.01.2015 - NucNet News
Small And Medium Reactor Research Is Opening Nuclear To Smaller Countries, Says Amano
Thanks to advances in the research and development of small and medium-sized reactors, smaller countries will be able to take advantage of nuclear power in the future, International Atomic Energy Agency director-general Yukiya Amano said.


23.01.2015 - NucNet News
Austria Files Formal Complaint Over Hinkley Point Decision

Austria’s government said it has filed a formal complaint with the Court of Justice of the EU over a decision by the European Commission that UK support to build the country’s planned Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant was in line with EU state aid rules. Austria's chancellor Werner Faymann said in a statement that he believed the decision was “unlawful” under EU law.


23.01.2015 - NucNet News
Belgium’s Doel-3 And Tihange-2 Offline Until July, Says Electrabel

Belgium’s Doel-3 and Tihange-2 nuclear units, which were shut down in March 2014 due to an investigation into problems with the reactor pressure vessels (RPVs), will remain offline until 1 July 2015, operator Electrabel said. Electrabel said it needs more time to answer questions from the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (Fanc), which convened an international panel of experts to analyse the safety case on the structural integrity of the two RPVs in November 2014. After the answers are reviewed by the panel, Fanc will provide a definitive answer on whether the reactors can start up again.


23.01.2015 - NucNet News
IAEA’s Amano Promotes Importance Of Nuclear For Development
The International Atomic Energy Agency’s mandate, often summarised as “atoms for peace” should be expanded to “atoms for peace and development” because of the way the agency promotes development through the use of nuclear technology, director-general Yukiya Amano said.


22.01.2015NucNet News

Poland To Train Nuclear Specialists
Poland’s Ministry of Science and Higher Education will spend €2.8 million on international internships and training programmes for 120 young engineers in nuclear energy in 2015. One of the priorities of Poland’s nuclear energy programme is to ensure highly qualified staff, the ministry said. The training is partially funded by the European Union’s structural funds for development of human capital. Poland’s utility PGE said in May 2014 that construction of the country’s first nuclear reactor will start around 2020.


21.01.2015NucNet News
Industry Project Aims To Improve Prediction Software For Emergency Response

UK-based engineering consultancy Lloyds Register Consulting (LRC) has teamed up with the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) to improve prediction software used to support the decision-making process for emergency response in the event of a nuclear incident with radiological consequences, a statement said.


21.01.2015NucNet News
Sweden’s Regulator Extends Consultation For Encapsulation Plant

Sweden’s Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) has extended the consultation period for the proposed construction of an encapsulation plant for high-level nuclear waste until 31 January 2016, SSM said. The decision came after SSM received a supplement to the application for the construction of the plant from the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company SKB. The encapsulation plant is part of the system for disposal of spent nuclear fuel which SKB wants to build. SSM said it will discuss the supplement in the spring of 2015.


21.01.2015NucNet News
EDF Energy Extends Dungeness B Lifetime By 10 Years

EDF Energy has extended the expected operating life of its two 520-megawatt gas-cooled reactor units at the Dungeness B nuclear station in the UK by 10 years to 2028. The decision was enabled by a £150 million (about $196 million) investment for improvement projects at the plant and was made after “extensive reviews of the plant’s safety cases” and work with the nuclear regulator, EDF Energy said.


21.01.2015NucNet News
Are Fast Neutron Reactors The Solution To Spent Fuel And Waste?

Cooperation at European level is needed to formulate policy on the management of spent nuclear fuel and its waste, with countries urged to work together on fuel cycle research, regional deep geological repositories, and education and training, a European Commission report says. The report calls specifically for the continued development of fast-neutron reactors (FNRs), a major task for governments across Europe that has so far proved “more difficult than expected”.


19.01.2015NucNet News
Oskarshamn-3 Back Online After Turbine Valve Problem

Sweden’s Oskarshamn-3 nuclear unit returned to the national grid on 17 January 2015 after problems with a turbine valve in the turbine equipment on the non-nuclear side of the plant caused it to shut down on 14 January 2015, operator OKG said. On 4 January 2015, the unit had problems with a feedwater pump that led to the uneven flow of water from the turbine and had to be shut down for maintenance for two days. OKG said all maintenance actions went well.


19.01.2015NucNet News
UK Technology Finds Radiation Sources At Fukushima-Daiichi

Camera technology developed by a UK start-up is helping to find hazardous radiation sources at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear station in Japan. Createc, a small imaging company based in Cumbria, northwest England, has developed camera technology called N-Visage for robots that can detect and draw a 3D map of high radiation locations that are too contaminated for human workers.


05.01.2015NucNet News
Top Scientists Urge Environmentalists To ‘Recognise And Support’ Nuclear

More than 65 conservation scientists from 14 countries have signed an open
letter to environmentalists urging them to “recognise and support” the role nuclear energy can play in combatting climate change and protecting biodiversity.


15.01.2015NucNet News
Vattenfall Announces New Organisational Structure

Swedish utility Vattenfall has announced a new organisational structure and executive management team. The structure involves the creation of six business areas, with the company’s nuclear energy assets falling under the “Generation” business area, which will be headed by Torbjörn Wahlborg.


14.01.2015NucNet News
Oskarshamn-3 To Shut Down Due To Problem With Turbine Valve

The Oskarshamn-3 nuclear reactor unit in Sweden will be shut down today 14 January 2015, as operators attempt to rectify a problem with the regulation of a valve in the conventional turbine equipment, owner and operator OKG said.


14.01.2015NucNet News

France Must Plan For New Reactors, Says Royal
France must plan for a new generation of nuclear reactors to take the place of old units when they can no longer be operated, energy minister Segolene Royal said.

 


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